Prediction of Lead Intake and Tissue Lead Concentrations in Broiler Chickens Using Feather Lead Concentrations
- 18 Downloads
The present experiment was conducted to derive equations for predicting daily lead (Pb) intake and tissue Pb concentrations in broiler chickens using feather Pb concentrations. A total of 800 3-day-old broiler chickens were allotted to one of five dietary treatments with 16 replicates, each replicate consisting of 10 birds, in a completely randomized design. Dietary Pb concentrations were set to 0, 50, 100, 200, or 400 mg/kg by adding a lead acetate. The experimental diets were provided ad libitum for 32 days. Results indicated that growth performance and serum measurements were not affected by increasing concentrations of Pb in diets, which represented that the toxic level of dietary Pb may exceed over 400 mg/kg in broiler diets. Increasing concentrations of Pb in diets increased Pb concentrations in the liver (linear and quadratic, P < 0.05), breast (linear, P < 0.01), and feather (linear, P < 0.01). Feather Pb concentrations were greater than Pb concentrations in the liver and breast, indicating that the feather is highly responsive tissue of broiler chickens to various dietary Pb concentrations. Consequently, the equations for predicting daily Pb intake and Pb concentrations in the liver and breast were derived from Pb concentrations in the feather. Resulting equations indicated that feather Pb concentrations in broiler chickens can be used to predict both daily Pb intake and Pb concentrations in the liver and breast.
KeywordsBroiler chicken Feather Lead Tissue lead concentration Prediction equation
This research was carried out with the support of the Cooperative Research Program for Agriculture Science and Technology Development (Project No. PJ01093204), Rural Development Administration, Republic of Korea. This research was also supported by the Chung-Ang University Research Scholarship Grants in 2019.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
All experimental procedures were reviewed and approved by the Institutional Animal Care and the Use Committee at Chung-Ang University.
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
- 2.Papanikolaou NC, Hatzidaki EG, Belivanis S, Tzanakakis GN, Tsatsakis AM (2005) Lead toxicity update. A brief review. Med Sci Monit 11:RA329–RA336Google Scholar
- 8.NRC (1994) Nutrient requirements of poultry, 9th Rev. edn. Natl. Acad. Press, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
- 9.Kim JH, Jung H, Pitargue FM, Han GP, Choi HS, Kil DY (2017) Effect of dietary calcium concentrations in low non-phytate phosphorus diets containing phytase on growth performance, bone mineralization, litter quality, and footpad dermatitis incidence in growing broiler chickens. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 30:979–983. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.17.0112 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 11.Kim JW, Kil DY (2015) Determination of relative bioavailability of copper in tribasic copper chloride to copper in copper sulfate for broiler chickens based on liver and feather copper concentrations. Anim Feed Sci Technol 210:138–143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2015.09.022 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 12.Steel RGD, Torrie JH, Dickey DA (1997) Principles and procedures of statistics: a biometrical approach, 3rd edn. McGraw Hill Book Co, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 16.Erdogan Z, Erdogan S, Aksu T, Baytok E (2005) The effects of dietary lead exposure and ascorbic acid on performance, lipid peroxidation status and biochemical parameters of broilers. Turk J Vet Anim Sci 29:1053–1059Google Scholar
- 20.Huang Q, Gao X, Liu P, Lin H, Liu W, Liu G, Zhang J, Deng G, Zhang C, Cao H, Guo X, Hu G (2017) The relationship between liver-kidney impairment and viral load after nephropathogenic infectious bronchitis virus infection in embryonic chickens. Poult Sci 96:1589–1597. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps/pew455 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 21.Mariam I, Iqbal S, Nagra SA (2004) Distribution of some trace and macrominerals in beef, mutton and poultry. Int J Agric Biol 6:816–820Google Scholar