Cadmium in Seminal Plasma of Fertile and Infertile Male Dromedary Camels

  • Ahmed AliEmail author
  • Derar R. Derar
  • Essam M. Abdel-Elmoniem
  • Tariq I. Almundarij


The objective of this study was to investigate the cadmium (Cd) profile in seminal plasma of male dromedary camel with impotentia generandi (post-coital infertility, IG group, n = 14) in comparison with known fertile males (FERT group, n = 5). Andrological examination was carried out for all animals. Semen was collected with electroejaculation and examined for volume, concentration, motility, viability, and abnormality. Seminal fluid was harvested after centrifugation and analyzed for Cd using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Results showed that sperm concentration, motility, and viability were higher, while sperm abnormality was lower in IG group than in FERT group (P < 0.05). Cd was higher in seminal plasma of IG group than in FERT group (P = 0.04). Negative correlation was found between Cd concentration and sperm concentration (r = − 0.511, P = 0.04). There was also a tendency for negative correlation between Cd concentration and the testicular size (r = − 0.455, P = 0.05). In conclusion, Cd may be one of factors causing infertility in male dromedary camels.


Cadmium Male dromedary camel Infertility Semen 


Funding Information

This study was financially supported by the Deanship of Research of Qassim University, Kingdome of Saudi Arabia.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

This study was approved by the Animal Care and Welfare Committee, Deanship of Scientific Research, Qassim University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmed Ali
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Derar R. Derar
    • 1
    • 2
  • Essam M. Abdel-Elmoniem
    • 3
  • Tariq I. Almundarij
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary MedicineCollege of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Qassim UniversityBuraidahSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineAssiut UniversityAssiutEgypt
  3. 3.Department of SoilCollege of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Buraydah, Qassim UniversityBuraidahSaudi Arabia

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