Evaluation of Possible Human Health Risk of Heavy Metals from the Consumption of Two Marine Fish Species Tenualosa ilisha and Dorosoma cepedianum

  • A. K. M. Atique UllahEmail author
  • Mahmuda Akter
  • Maesha Musarrat
  • Shamshad B. QuraishiEmail author


In order to study the effects of contaminants on human health, fish is considered as a powerful model among all available species for risk-benefit assessments. Tenualosa ilisha and Dorosoma cepedianum are two fish species of great economic importance as they are found in undeveloped, developing and developed countries. Concentrations of heavy metals lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), arsenic (As) and mercury (Hg) were determined using validated and accredited test methods in order to assess the potential human health risk from the dietary intake of these two selected fish species. The estimated daily intake (EDI) of all the five heavy metals was measured from the consumption of the two species considering the mean fish consumption of 61 g person−1 day−1 defined for European population. The EDI indicates that no risk to people’s health with respect to the EDI of Pb, Cd, Cr, As and Hg through the consumption of the two fish species. The estimation of target hazard quotient (THQ) demonstrating the non-carcinogenic risk indicates that intake of Pb, Cd, Cr and Hg through the consumption of two fish species is safe for human health, whereas, consumption of As suggests potential risk to consumers. The estimation of carcinogenic risk of Cd, Cr and As due to the consumption of two selected fish species indicates that consumers remain at risk of cancer. Thus, these fish species should not be considered safe for human consumption.


Heavy metals Marine fish Tenualosa ilisha Dorosoma cepedianum Human health risk Carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risk 



The authors are grateful to the authority of Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission for providing logistic supports for collecting the samples and laboratory facilities for the analyses the samples.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest to declare.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Analytical Chemistry Laboratory, Chemistry Division, Atomic Energy CentreBangladesh Atomic Energy CommissionDhaka 1000Bangladesh
  2. 2.Faculty of Environmental Earth ScienceHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  3. 3.Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Home EconomicsUniversity of DhakaDhaka 1205Bangladesh

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