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Biological Trace Element Research

, Volume 189, Issue 1, pp 145–156 | Cite as

Protective Effect of Nanoceria on Cisplatin-Induced Nephrotoxicity by Amelioration of Oxidative Stress and Pro-inflammatory Mechanisms

  • Mohd Aslam Saifi
  • Swetha Sangomla
  • Amit Khurana
  • Chandraiah GoduguEmail author
Article

Abstract

Cisplatin (CP) is one of the most important anticancer compounds with its therapeutic usefulness in diverse types of solid cancer. However, its use is limited due to nephrotoxicity induced by it. Oxidative stress is an effective participant which contributes actively to pathogenesis of CP-induced nephrotoxicity. Nanoparticle form of a rare earth metal cerium, also known as nanoceria (NC), has come up as a potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent. In the present study, administration of CP in Swiss mice resulted in reduction of body weight, increased oxidative stress and pro-inflammatory cytokine levels including IL-6 and TNF-α along with alteration in normal histological architecture of kidney. On the contrary, NC (0.2 and 2 mg/kg i.p.) ameliorated nephrotoxicity of CP which was evident by reduction in levels of renal injury markers in plasma, i.e., creatinine and blood urea nitrogen. NC ameliorated oxidative stress by showing a reduction in levels of malondialdehyde and increased levels of endogenous antioxidants reduced glutathione and catalase. Further, NC treatment also reduced the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Furthermore, protective effect of NC was also corroborated by histopathological studies wherein, kidneys from CP group showed altered tissue structure after acute as well as chronic exposure of CP while the tissues from treated groups showed absence of alterations in kidney histology. The results from present study suggested that oxidative stress and pro-inflammatory cytokines play a central role in pathogenesis of CP-induced nephrotoxicity and NC provides protection from CP-induced nephrotoxicity due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

Keywords

Cisplatin Nephrotoxicity Nanoceria Oxidative stress Inflammation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Regulatory ToxicologyNational Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER)HyderabadIndia

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