Effect of Selenium Nanoparticle Supplementation on Tissue Inflammation, Blood Cell Count, and IGF-1 Levels in Spinal Cord Injury-Induced Rats
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Selenium is known to be a neuroprotective agent in respect to a number of neuronal diseases and pain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of the oral administration of selenium nanoparticles in rats with spinal cord injury (SCI). Forty adult female rats were randomly assigned to two equal groups as experimental and control. Under general inhalation anesthesia, in both groups, SCI was created, at the T9–10 level of the column. On the third day after the operation, a supplement of selenium nanoparticle was administered to the experimental group at 0.2 mg/kg per day. The histology of the site of injury, IGF-1 serum concentrations, and changes in the white blood cells were examined in both groups at different pre-surgical and post-surgical times. The results of the current study showed a significant decrease in the total white blood cells, including lymphocyte, neutrophil, and monocyte in the experimental group compared to the control group. Histological evaluation showed that the inflammatory responses reduced significantly in the experimental group compared to the control group. In conclusion, we speculate that the decrease in the number of inflammatory cells after oral administration of the selenium nanoparticles is due to the neuroprotective effects of this nanoparticle.
KeywordsSCI Selenium nanoparticles Rat IGF-1 Inflammation WBC
Compliance with Ethical Standards
All the investigational procedures used in this study were reviewed and approved by the Council of the Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences of Shahrekord University (170-630).
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