The Adverse Effects of Se Toxicity on Inflammatory and Immune Responses in Chicken Spleens
Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element, but excessive intake of Se could induce Se poisoning, and result in various health problems. NF-κB regulated many molecules of the immune response and the inflammatory response, and Th1/Th2 balance played a key in the regulation of immune response. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of NF-κB pathway and Th1/Th2 imbalance in the adverse influence of Se poisoning on chicken spleens. In the current study, 90 chickens were randomly divided into two groups (n = 45 per group). The chickens were maintained either on a basal diet (the control group) containing 0.2 mg/kg Se or a high supplemented diet (the Se group) containing 15 mg/kg Se for 45 days. Then, we observed the pathohistology of spleen cells and detected NO content, iNOS activity, and the expression of NF-κB, iNOS, COX-2, PTGE, IL-6, TNF-α, Foxp3, IL-4, and IFN-γ in chicken spleens. In chicken spleens of the Se group, the result showed typical characteristics of inflammation: the content of NO and the activity of iNOS were increased, and the expression of NF-κB, iNOS, COX-2, PTGE, IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-4 was enhanced and that of Foxp3 and IFN-γ was decreased. Our study showed that Se toxicity could promote inflammation via NF-κB pathway, impairing the immune function, and changing Th1/Th2 balance in the chicken spleens.
KeywordsChicken spleens Se toxicity Inflammation Immune response
The authors thank the Elsevier English Language Editing System to correct grammatical, spelling, and other common errors.
The present work was financially supported by Southwest University of Science and Technology (15zx7121) and National Defense Basic Research Project (16zg6101).
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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