Biological Trace Element Research

, Volume 180, Issue 2, pp 314–326 | Cite as

Bioaccumulation of Heavy Metals in Various Tissues of Some Fish Species and Green Tiger Shrimp (Penaeus semisulcatus) from İskenderun Bay, Turkey, and Risk Assessment for Human Health

  • Gokce Kaya
  • Semra Turkoglu


In this study, concentrations of heavy metals were determined by ICP-MS in the edible tissues of common sole (Solea solea Linnaeus, 1758), whiting (Merlangius merlangus Linnaeus, 1758), silver sillago (Sillago sihama Forsskål, 1775) and muscle-exoskeleton of green tiger shrimp (Penaeus semisulcatus De Haan, 1844), from the seas of İskenderun Bay, Eastern Mediterranean, Turkey, in January–February, 2016. The lowest and highest mean concentrations of Mn, Cr, Cd, Ni, Hg, As, Pb, and Co in fish and shrimp’ muscles were found, respectively, as follows: 0.166–0.382, 0.134–0.336, 0.005–0.008, 0.091–0.140, 0.026–0.228, 1.741–29.254, 0.087–0.110, and <0.0005–0.027 mg kg−1; in the skin and exoskeleton, the values were found, respectively, as 0.103–15.819, 0.301–0.778, 0.007–0.026, 0.115–0.513, 0.021–0.243, 1.548–17.930, 0.148–0.295, and <0.0005–0.140 mg kg−1. According to the results, mean concentrations of all metals in the muscles of fish, except for arsenic and chromium, were found to be below certain legal limit values, especially arsenic levels in shrimp that were found to be above all the legal limit values. Also, the hazard quotients (HQ) of individual heavy metals in fish and shrimp, except for As, revealed safe levels for human consumption. However, the HQ values of estimated inorganic As exceeded 1 in the muscles of shrimp (P. semisulcatus), which may constitute a risk to public health.


Heavy metal Bioaccumulation Solea solea Merlangius merlangus Sillago sihama Penaeus semisulcatus Risk assessment 



Finance of this research has been provided by the Firat University Scientific Research Project Council of Turkey (Project number: SYO.15.03).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Health Sciences Faculty, Department of Nutrition and DieteticFirat UniversityElazigTurkey

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