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Biological Trace Element Research

, Volume 151, Issue 2, pp 277–283 | Cite as

Surgical Trauma Induces Iron Accumulation and Oxidative Stress in a Rodent Model of Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction

  • Li-Na An
  • Yang Yue
  • Wen-Zhi Guo
  • Yu-Liang Miao
  • Wei-Dong MiEmail author
  • Hong Zhang
  • Zhi-Li Lei
  • Shu-Jun Han
  • Lan Dong
Article

Abstract

Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is recognized as a complication after surgery in the elderly. The exact pathogenic mechanisms of POCD are still unknown. In this study, we investigated the role of iron accumulation within the central nervous system in the development of cognitive dysfunction in rats following splenectomy. Cognitive function was assessed using a Morris water maze on postoperative days 1, 3, and 7. Impaired cognitive function was observed on days 1 and 3 after splenectomy, while an anesthesia-alone group showed no significant difference from the control. Serum iron levels decreased and brain iron content increased on days 1 and 3 after surgery, which was in parallel with the impairment of cognitive function. Furthermore, the levels of proteins involved in the maintenance of brain iron homeostasis, including ferritin, transferrin receptor 1, and iron regulatory protein 2, were significantly different at postoperative days 1 and 3 in the hippocampus of splenectomized animals when compared with those of the control. The alterations in iron homeostasis were accompanied by intensified oxidative stress as measured by increases in the lipid peroxidation product, malondialdehyde, and a decrease in the levels of superoxide dismutase activity. Overall, these findings suggest that the impaired cognitive function was primarily due to surgical trauma rather than anesthesia. Increased iron accumulation and oxidative stress in the brain, especially in the hippocampus, may be involved in the pathogenesis of POCD.

Keywords

Postoperative cognitive dysfunction Working memory Brain Iron Oxidative stress 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Prof. Shu-Ren Wang and Dr. Xiao-Li Yang for their kind and skillful technical assistance.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li-Na An
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yang Yue
    • 2
  • Wen-Zhi Guo
    • 1
  • Yu-Liang Miao
    • 1
  • Wei-Dong Mi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hong Zhang
    • 1
  • Zhi-Li Lei
    • 2
  • Shu-Jun Han
    • 2
  • Lan Dong
    • 2
  1. 1.Anesthesia and Operation CenterChinese PLA General HospitalBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of AnesthesiologyGeneral Hospital of Armed Police ForcesBeijingChina

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