Biological Trace Element Research

, Volume 144, Issue 1–3, pp 1175–1185

Influence of Short-Term Silicon Application on Endogenous Physiohormonal Levels of Oryza sativa L. Under Wounding Stress

  • Yoon-Ha Kim
  • Abdul Latif Khan
  • Muhammad Hamayun
  • Sang Mo Kang
  • Yoon Jung Beom
  • In-Jung Lee
Article

Abstract

The current study was conducted in order to investigate the short-term effects (6, 12, and 24 h) of silicon (Si) on the endogenous hormonal composition of rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. Dongjin-beyo), with and without wounding stress. Si applied in different concentrations (0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 mM) significantly promoted shoot length, plant biomass, and chlorophyll content of rice plants. Plants treated with different concentrations of sole Si for 6, 12, and 24 h had higher endogenous jasmonic acid contents than control. However, a combined application of wounding stress and Si induced a significantly small quantity of endogenous jasmonic acid as compared with control. On the contrary, endogenous salicylic acid level was significantly higher in sole Si-treated plants, while after wounding stress, a similar trend was observed yet again. After 6, 12, and 24 h of Si applications, with and without wounding stress, ethylene levels were significantly lower in comparison to their respective controls. The findings of the present study perpetrate the beneficial role of Si on the growth and development of rice plant by relieving physical injury and stress. Si also affects endogenous jasmonic acid and ethylene levels, while an inverse correlation exists between jasmonic acid and salicylic acid under wounding stress conditions.

Keywords

Silicon Jasmonic acid Salicylic acid Ethylene Wounding stress Rice 

Supplementary material

12011_2011_9047_MOESM1_ESM.doc (42 kb)
(DOC 42 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Emanuel E (1994) The anomaly of silicon in plant biology. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 91:11–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ma JF, Yamaji N (2008) Functions and transport of silicon in plants. Cell Mol Life Sci 65:3049–3057PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Parveen A, Hussain F (2008) Salinity tolerance of three range grasses at germination and early growth stages. Pak J Bot 40(6):2437–2441Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Takahashi E, Ma JF, Miyake Y (1990) The possibility of silicon as an essential element for higher plants. Comm Agric Food Chem 2:99–122Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Epstein E (1999) Silicon. Ann Rev Plant Physiol Plant Mol Biol 50:641–664CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Liang Y, Yang C, Shi H (2001) Effects of silicon on growth and mineral composition of barley grown under toxic levels of aluminum. J Plant Nutr 24:229–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ma JF, Miyak Y, Takahashi E (2001) Silicon as a beneficial element for crop plants. In: Datonoff LF, Snyder GH, Korndorfer GH (eds) Silicon in agriculture. Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, pp 17–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lee A, Cho K, Jang S, Rakwal R, Iwahashi H, Agrawal GK, Shim J, Han O (2004) Inverse correlation between jasmonic acid and salicylic acid during early wound response in rice. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 318:734–738PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wasternack C, Stenzel I, Hause B, Hause G, Kutter C, Maucher H, Neumerkel J, Feussner I, Miersch O (2006) The wound response in tomato—role of jasmonic acid. J Plant Physiol 163(3):297–306PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Engelberth J, Koch T, Schuler G, Bachmannu N, Rechtenbach J, Boland W (2001) Ion channel-forming alamethicin is a potent elicitor of volatile biosynthesis and tendril coiling. Cross talk between jasmonate and salicylate signaling in lima bean. Plant Physiol 125:369–377PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Xiang C, Oliver DJ (1998) Glutathione metabolic genes coordinately respond to heavy metals and jasmonic acid in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 10:1539–1550PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cameron RK, Paiva NL, Lamb CJ, Dixon RDA (1999) Accumulation of salicylic acid and PR-1 gene transcripts in relation to the systemic acquired resistance (SAR) response induced by Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato in Arabidopsis. Physiol Mol Plant Pathol 55:121–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Siegrist J, Orober M, Buchenaur H (2000) B-Aminobutyric acid-mediated enhancement of resistance in tobacco to tobacco mosaic virus depends on the accumulation of salicylic acid. Physiol Mol Plant Pathol 56:95–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Durner J, Shah J, Klessing DF (1997) Salicylic acid and disease resistance in plant. Trend in Plant Sci 2:266–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Nwugo CC, Huerta AJ (2008) Effects of silicon nutrition on cadmium-uptake, growth and photosynthesis of rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings exposed to long-term low level cadmium. Plant Soil 311:73–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Yoshida S, Ohnishi Y, Kitagishi K (1959) Role of silicon in rice nutrition. Soil Plant Food 5:127–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    McCloud ES, Baldwin IT (1997) Herbivory and caterpillar regurgitants amplify the wound-induced increases in jasmonic acid but not nicotine in Nicotiana sylvestris. Planta 203:430–435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Enyedi AJ, Yalpani N, Silverman P, Raskin I (1992) Localization, conjugation, and function of salicylic acid in tobacco during the hypersensitive reaction to tobacco mosaic virus. Proc Natl Acad Sci 89:2480–2484PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Seskar M, Shulaev V, Raskin I (1998) Endogenous methyl salicylate in pathogen-inoculated tobacco plants. Plant Physiol 116:387–392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hwang SJ, Hamayun M, Kim HY, Na CI, Kim KU, Shin DH, Kim SY, Lee IJ (2007) Effect of nitrogen and silicon nutrition on bioactive gibberellin and growth of rice under field conditions. J Crop Sci Biotech 10(4):281–286Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Jang SW, Hamayun M, Sohn EY, Shin DH, Kim KU, Lee IJ (2007) Studies on the effect of silicon nutrition on plant growth, mineral contents and endogenous bioactive gibberellins of three rice cultivars. J Crop Sci Biotech 10:47–51Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Chen W, Yao Z, Cai K, Chen J (2010) Silicon alleviates drought stress of rice plants by improving plant water status. Photosynthesis and mineral nutrient absorption. Biol Trace Elem Res. doi:10.1007/s12011-010-8742-x Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Creelman RA, Tierney ML, Mullet JE (1992) Jasmonic acid/methyl jasmonate accumulate in wounded soybean hypocotyls and modulate wound gene expression. Proc Natl Acad Sci 89:4938–4941PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Feng J, Shi Q, Wang X (2009) Effects of exogenous silicon on photosynthetic capacity and antioxidant enzyme activities in chloroplast of cucumber seedlings under excess manganese. Agri Sci China 8(1):40–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Zuccarini P (2008) Effects of silicon on photosynthesis, water relations and nutrient uptake of Phaseolus vulgaris under NaCl stress. Biol Plant 52(1):157–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Al-aghabary K, Zhu Z, Qinhua S (2004) Influence of silicon supply on chlorophyll content, chlorophyll fluorescence and antioxidative enzyme activities in tomato plants under salt stress. J Plant Nutr 27:2101–2115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Eraslan AI, Pilbeam DJ, Gunes A (2008) Interactive effects of salicylic acid and silicon on oxidative damage and antioxidant activity in spinach (Spinacia oleracea L. cv. Matador) grown under boron toxicity and salinity. Plant Growth Regul 55:207–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Liang Y, Wong J, Wei L (2005) Silicon-mediated enhancement of cadmium tolerance in maize (Zea mays L.) grown in cadmium contaminated soil. Chemosphere 58:475–483PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Adatia MH, Besford RT (1986) The effects of silicon on cucumber plants grown in recirculating nutrient solution. Ann Bot 58:343–351Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Alabadí M, Blázquez A (2009) Molecular interactions between light and hormone signaling to control plant growth. Plant Mol Biol 69:409–417PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Hall MA, Smith AR (1995) Ethylene and the responses of plants to stress. Bulg J Plant Physiol 21(2–3):71–79Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Liu Y, Pan Q, Zhan J, Tian R, Huang W (2008) Response of endogenous salicylic acid and jasmonates to mechanical wounding in pea leaves. Agric Sci China 7(5):622–629CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Wang Y, Mopper S, Hasenstein KH (2001) Effects of salinity on endogenous ABA, IAA, JA, and SA in Iris hexagona. J Chem Ecol 27:327–342PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Kramell R, Atzorn R, Schneider G, Miersch O, Brückner C, Schmidt J, Sembdner G, Parthier B (1995) Occurrence and identification of jasmonic acid and its amino acid conjugates induced by osmotic stress in barley leaf tissue. J Plant Growth Regul 14:29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Creelman RA, Mullet JE (1997) Biosynthesis and action of jasmonates in plants. Annu Rev Plant Physiol Plant Mol Biol 48:355–382PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Khan AL, Hamayun M, Kim YH, Kang SM, Lee JH, Lee IJ (2011) Gibberellins producing endophytic Aspergillus fumigates sp. LH02 influenced endogenous phytohormonal levels, isoflavonoids production and plant growth in salinity stress. Process Biochem. doi:10.1016/j.procbio.2010.09.013 Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Kevin LC, Li WH, Ecker JR (2002) Ethylene biosynthesis and signaling networks. The Plant Cell 14:S131–S151Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoon-Ha Kim
    • 1
  • Abdul Latif Khan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Muhammad Hamayun
    • 3
  • Sang Mo Kang
    • 1
  • Yoon Jung Beom
    • 4
  • In-Jung Lee
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Applied BiosciencesKyungpook National UniversityDaeguSouth Korea
  2. 2.Kohat University of Science and TechnologyKohatPakistan
  3. 3.Department of BotanyAbdul Wali Khan UniversityMardanPakistan
  4. 4.Laboratory of Applied Entomology and Zoology, Graduate School of HorticultureChiba UniversityChibaJapan

Personalised recommendations