Biological Trace Element Research

, Volume 143, Issue 1, pp 196–212 | Cite as

Status of Toxic Metals in Biological Samples of Diabetic Mothers and Their Neonates

  • Nida Fatima Kolachi
  • Tasneem Gul KaziEmail author
  • Hassan Imran Afridi
  • Naveed Kazi
  • Sumaira Khan
  • Ghulam Abbas Kandhro
  • Abdul Qadir Shah
  • Jameel Ahmed Baig
  • Sham Kumar Wadhwa
  • Faheem Shah
  • Mohammad Khan Jamali
  • Mohammad Balal Arain


The mechanism of transport of trace elements from the mother to the newborn is still not well known. The aim of present study was to compare the status of trace toxic elements, arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb) in biological samples (whole blood, urine and scalp hair) of insulin-dependent diabetic mothers (age ranged 30–40) and their newly born infants (n = 76). An age and socioeconomics matched 68 nondiabetic mothers and their infants, residing in the same locality, who were selected as referents. The elemental concentrations in all three biological samples were determined by an electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometer, prior to microwave-assisted acid digestion. The mean values of As, Cd, and Pb in all biological samples of diabetic mothers and their infants were significantly higher as compared to the referent mother–infant pair samples (p < 0.01). The high levels of As, Cd, and Pb in biological samples of diabetic women may play a role in the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus and impacts on their neonates.


Diabetic women Neonates Heavy metals Neonatal intensive care unit Atomic absorption spectrophotometer 



The authors thank the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan for sponsoring this project.

Conflicts of Interest



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nida Fatima Kolachi
    • 1
  • Tasneem Gul Kazi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hassan Imran Afridi
    • 1
  • Naveed Kazi
    • 2
  • Sumaira Khan
    • 1
  • Ghulam Abbas Kandhro
    • 1
  • Abdul Qadir Shah
    • 1
  • Jameel Ahmed Baig
    • 1
  • Sham Kumar Wadhwa
    • 1
  • Faheem Shah
    • 1
  • Mohammad Khan Jamali
    • 1
  • Mohammad Balal Arain
    • 3
  1. 1.Center of Excellence in Analytical ChemistryUniversity of SindhJamshoroPakistan
  2. 2.Liaquat University of Medical and Health SciencesJamshoroPakistan
  3. 3.Department of Basic SciencesNED University of Engineering and TechnologyKarachiPakistan

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