Biological Trace Element Research

, Volume 142, Issue 3, pp 848–864 | Cite as

Major and Trace Elements in Zooplankton from the Northern Gulf of California During Summer

  • Margarita Elena Rentería-Cano
  • Laura Sánchez-Velasco
  • Evgueni Shumilin
  • Miguel F. Lavín
  • Jaime Gómez-Gutiérrez
Article

Abstract

We report the distribution of major and trace element concentrations in epipelagic zooplankton collected in the Northern Gulf of California in August 2003. The Bray–Curtis index defined three element assemblages in zooplankton: (1) major metals, which included only two elements, Na (3.6–17.0%) and Ca (1.0–4.8%). Na had its highest concentrations in the shallow tidally mixed Upper Gulf, where high salinity, temperature, and zooplankton biomass (dominated by copepods) prevailed. Ca showed its highest concentrations south of Ballenas Channel, characterized by tidal mixing and convergence-induced upwelling, indicated by low sea-surface temperature, salinity, and zooplankton biomass; (2) Six biological essential elements, like Fe (80–9,100 mg kg−1) and Zn (20–2,570 mg kg−1), were detected in high concentrations in zooplankton collected near Guaymas Basin, which had high surface temperature and chlorophyll a concentrations. (3) Metals of terrigenous origin, such as Sc (0.01–1.4 mg kg−1) and Th (0.03–2.3 mg kg−1), and redox-sensitive metals, like Co (3–23.8 mg kg−1); this was the assemblage with the largest number of elements (15). Both types of elements of assemblage 3 had maximum concentrations in the cyclonic eddy that dominates the summer circulation in the Northern region. We concluded that sediment resuspension by tidal mixing in the Upper Gulf, upwelling south of Ballenas Channel, and the cyclonic eddy were key oceanographic features that affected the element concentrations of epipelagic zooplankton in the Northern Gulf of California. Oceanographic mechanisms such as these may contribute to element incorporation in marine organisms in other seas.

Keywords

Trace and major elements Zooplankton Instrumental neutron activation analysis Gulf of California Mexico 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was funded by CONACyT–Ciencia Básica research projects CB-2005-01-50421 and 2008-105922, and by CGPI-Instituto Politécnico Nacional (research projects 20090578 and 20100670). We thank Alma Rosa Padilla (Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México) for her help in the acquisition of physical data, and Carlos Cabrera (CICESE) for his help in the analysis of satellite SST and chlorophyll a images.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margarita Elena Rentería-Cano
    • 1
  • Laura Sánchez-Velasco
    • 1
  • Evgueni Shumilin
    • 1
  • Miguel F. Lavín
    • 2
  • Jaime Gómez-Gutiérrez
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro Interdisciplinario de Ciencias MarinasLa PazMexico
  2. 2.Departamento de Oceanografía FísicaCICESEEnsenadaMexico

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