The Combination of Selenium and Vitamin E Inhibits Type I Collagen Formation in Cultured Hepatic Stellate Cells
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- Mezey, E., Liu, X. & Potter, J.J. Biol Trace Elem Res (2011) 140: 82. doi:10.1007/s12011-010-8672-7
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This study investigated the effects of sodium selenite (Se) and of vitamin E (d-α-tochopherol) on the deposition of type I collagen by human LX-2 stellate cells. The cultured cells were treated with or without Se or vitamin E and with or without transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1). The combination of Se and vitamin E, but not either alone, protected against hepatic fibrosis by decreasing TGFβ1-mediated collagen secretion and accumulation by the stellate cells. This protective effect is due to a combination of decreased formation, decreased stability and increased degradation of the collagen. Effects of Se and vitamin E in decreasing α1(I) collagen mRNA and increasing apoptosis of stellate cells indicate decreased formation of collagen, while decreases in transglutaminase 2, which catalyze cross-linking of collagen, lead to decreased stability of the secreted collagen. Effects of Se and vitamin E on reducing tissue inhibitor metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1) are associated with increased degradation. The combination of Se and vitamin E decreased lipid peroxidation, while Se alone increased the activity of the antioxidant enzyme thioredoxin reductase. In conclusion, the combination of Se and vitamin E protected against TGFβ1-mediated hepatic fibrosis by decreasing TGFβ1-mediated type I collagen accumulation by stellate cells. This effect is due to a combination of decreased formation, decreased stability and increased degradation of the collagen.