Advertisement

Biological Trace Element Research

, Volume 138, Issue 1–3, pp 300–306 | Cite as

Study on the Variations of Mineral Elements in Swertia speciosa (G. Don)

  • Jagmohan S. Negi
  • Pramod Singh
  • Geeta J. nee Pant
  • Mohan S. Maniyari Rawat
Article

Abstract

Variations of micro- and macrominerals concentration in Swertia speciosa were determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy. The mineral elements showed significant changes in roots and leaves collected from different altitudes. Among all the elements, highest concentration (more than 2,000 mg/kg) of Ca and K were recorded in S. speciosa and the concentration of other elements analyzed in the study decreased in the order Fe>Na>Zn>Co>Li>Cu>Mn.

Keywords

Atomic absorption spectroscopy Trace elements Electrolytes Gentianaceae Swertia speciosa 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This work is supported by UCOST Dehradun (Grant No.UCS&T/R&D/CHEM-05/06-07). The authors also thank Dr. H. K. Pandey DRDO Laboratory (Pithoragarh, India) for technical assistance.

References

  1. 1.
    Chandrasekar B, Bajpai MB, Mukherjee SK (1990) Hypoglycemic activity of Swertia chirayita. Ind J Exp Biol 28(7):616–618Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Banerjee S, Sur TK, Mandal S, Das PC, Sakdar S (2000) Assessment of the antiinflammatory effect of Swertia chirata in acute and chronic experimental model in male albino rats. Indian J Pharmacol 32(1):21–24Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mandal S, Chatterjee A (1994) Seminar on research in Ayurveda and Sidha. CCRAS, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Karan M, Vasisht K, Handa SS (1999) Antihepatotoxic activity of Swertia chirata on carbon tetrachloride induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Phytother Research 13(1):2–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Saha P, Mandal S, Das A, Das PC, Das S (2004) Evaluation of the anticarcinogenic activity of Swertia chirata Buch-Ham, an Indian medicinal plant, on DMBA induced mouse skin carcinogenesis model. Phytother Res 18(5):373–378CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bisht AAK, GS AB (2005) In vitro antimicrobial activity of Swertia chirata. Ind J Nat Prod 21(2):27–29Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rana VS, Rawat MSM (2005) New xanthone glycoside and antioxidant constituents from the rhizomes of Swertia speciosa. Chemistry and Biodiversity 2(10):1310–1315CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Fisher C (2002) Spices of life. Chem Br 38:40–42Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Leathem JH (1966) Nutritional effects on hormone production. J Anim Sci 25:78–82Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Valcovic V (1980) Analysis of biological material for trace elements using X-ray spectroscopy. CRC Press Inc, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Underwood EJ (1977) Trace elements in human and animal nutrition. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
  13. 13.
    Negi JS, Singh P, Pant GJ, Rawat MSM (2009) Quantitative assessment of xanthone derivatives in Swertia chirata (Wall.) by RP-HPLC with UV detection. Medicinal Plants International Journal of Phytomedicines and Related Industries 1(2):97–101Google Scholar
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
    Khetwal KS, Bisht RS (1988) A Xanthone glycoside from Swertia speciosa. Phytochemistry 27(6):1910–1911CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Li T, Wang YZ, Yu H, Cao YJ, Zhang JJ, Liu Q (2007) Determination of eight trace elements in the Swertia davidii Franch by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi 27(12):2598–2600PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Farmers KS, Zhu B, Nong ZK, Jing-Bo ZHU (2008) Determination of six metal elements in Swertia L by FAAS. Chinese Journal of Spectroscopy Laboratory 25(4):561–563Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zhao-xia Y, Zhao-Yang L, Hu-Ming L (2005) Contents and distributions of N, P and trace elements of Swertia Davidii. Journal of Hubei Institute for Nationalities (Natural Science edition) 23(2):141–143Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Shailajan S, Shah S (2008) Effect of seasonal variation on some heavy metal contents of a medicinal plant Swertia densiflora (Griscb.) Kashyap using Icp-oes technique. Nature, Environment and Pollution Technology 7(4):605–608Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Standing committee of Analysts (1987) Method for determination of metals in solids. Her Majesty’s Stationary Office, LondonGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hidiroglou M (1979) Trace element deficiencies and fertility in ruminants: a review. J Dairy Sci 62:1195–1206CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Beard JL (2001) Iron biology in immune function, muscle metabolism and neuronal function. J Nutr 131:S568–S579Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Tuman RW, Doisy RJ (1978) In: Scarpa IS, Keifer HC (eds) The role of trace elements in human nutrition and metabolism. Source book on food and nutrition. Marquis Academic Media, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
  25. 25.
    Dostanic-Larson I, Van Huysse JW, Lorenz JN, Lingrel JB (2005) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 102:15845–15850CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Passmore R, Eastwood MA (1986) Human nutrition and dietetics, 8th edn. Churchill Livingstone, UKGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
  28. 28.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jagmohan S. Negi
    • 1
  • Pramod Singh
    • 1
  • Geeta J. nee Pant
    • 1
  • Mohan S. Maniyari Rawat
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryHNB Garhwal UniversityUttarakhandIndia

Personalised recommendations