Fluoranthene Biodegradation by Serratia sp. AC-11 Immobilized into Chitosan Beads
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The intensive production of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by anthropogenic activities is a serious environmental problem. Therefore, new bioremediation methods are required to avoid widespread contamination. In this work, Serratia sp. AC-11 strain isolated from a tropical peat was selected for immobilization into chitosan beads, which were employed in the biodegradation of fluoranthene. The sizes of the produced beads were relatively uniform with an average diameter of 3 mm. The material was characterized by SEM and FT-IR, confirming the cells immobilization and the protective barrier formed by the chitosan surrounding the biomass. The immobilized bacteria were able to degrade 56% of fluoranthene (the initial concentration was 100 mg L−1) in just 1 day at twice the degradation rate achieved by free-living cells. Furthermore, the immobilized bacteria showed excellent removal during five reuse cycles, from 76% to 59% of biodegradation. These results showed the potential of this approach for remediation of contaminated sites.
KeywordsPeat Immobilization Entrapment PAH Bacteria Bioremediation
Financial support for this work was provided by the Brazilian agencies Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq, process no. 307029/2013-1) and Fundação de Apoio a Pesquisa e Inovação Tecnológica do Estado de Sergipe (FAPITEC/SE, process no. 01920300723/201-1).
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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