A Novel Methylotrophic Bacterial Consortium for Treatment of Industrial Effluents
Considering the importance of methylotrophs in industrial wastewater treatment, focus of the present study was on utilization of a methylotrophic bacterial consortium as a microbial seed for biotreatment of a variety of industrial effluents. For this purpose, a mixed bacterial methylotrophic AC (Ankleshwar CETP) consortium comprising of Bordetella petrii AC1, Bacillus licheniformis AC4, Salmonella subterranea AC5, and Pseudomonas stutzeri AC8 was used. The AC consortium showed efficient biotreatment of four industrial effluents procured from fertilizer, chemical and pesticide industries, and common effluent treatment plant by lowering their chemical oxygen demand (COD) of 950–2000 mg/l to below detection limit in 60–96 h in 6-l batch reactor and 9–15 days in 6-l continuous reactor. The operating variables of wastewater treatment, viz. COD, BOD, pH, MLSS, MLVSS, SVI, and F/M ratio of these effluents, were also maintained in the permissible range in both batch and continuous reactors. Therefore, formation of the AC consortium has led to the development of an efficient microbial seed capable of treating a variety of industrial effluents containing pollutants generated from their respective industries.
KeywordsChemical oxygen demand Industrial effluents Methylotrophs
Krushi Hingurao would like to acknowledge the University Grants Commission, New Delhi, India, for the University Grants Commission—Research Fellowships in Science for Meritorious Students (UGC-RFSMS) fellowship during the course of this work.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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