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Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

, Volume 180, Issue 3, pp 383–399 | Cite as

Utilization of Paneer Whey Waste for Cost-Effective Production of Rhamnolipid Biosurfactant

  • Rupshikha Patowary
  • Kaustuvmani Patowary
  • Mohan Chandra Kalita
  • Suresh DekaEmail author
Article

Abstract

The present study aimed at isolating rhamnolipid biosurfactant-producing bacteria that could utilize paneer whey, an abundant waste source as sole medium for the production purpose. Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain, SR17, was isolated from hydrocarbon-contaminated soil that could efficiently utilize paneer whey for rhamnolipid production and reduce surface tension of the medium from 52 to 26.5 mN/m. The yield of biosurfactant obtained was 2.7 g/l, upgraded to 4.8 g/l when supplemented with 2 % glucose and mineral salts. Biochemical, FTIR, and LC-MS analysis revealed that extracted biosurfactant is a combination of both mono and di-rhamnolipid congeners. The critical micelle concentration (CMC) was measured to be 110 mg/l. Emulsification activity of the biosurfactant against n-hexadecane, olive oil, kerosene, diesel oil, engine oil, and crude oil were found to be 83, 88, 81, 92, 86, and 100 %, respectively. The rhamnolipid was detected to be non-toxic against mouse fibroblastic cell line L292.

Keywords

Rhamnolipid Pseudomonas aeruginosa SR17 Paneer whey Critical micelle concentration Emulsification Non-toxic 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors express their gratitude to the Director of Institute of Advanced Study in Science and Technology, Guwahati, India, for providing laboratory facilities to carry out the research work. Rupshikha Patowary is thankful to the Department of Biotechnology, Govt. of India for providing assistance and support as a Junior Research Fellow (JRF) to carry out the research work under a project sanction to the corresponding author vide letter no. BT/PR7491/BCE/8/943/2012 dated 06/09/2013.

Supplementary material

12010_2016_2105_MOESM1_ESM.docx (100 kb)
ESM 1 Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) graph in attenuated total reflectance (ATR) mode showing functional groups present in biosurfactant produced by P. aeruginosa SR17. (DOCX 99 kb)
12010_2016_2105_MOESM2_ESM.docx (16 kb)
ESM 2 Statistical analysis and ANOVA table for determination of the significance of surface tension reduction (DOCX 15 kb)
12010_2016_2105_MOESM3_ESM.docx (41 kb)
ESM 3 (a), (b), and (c) represents positive ion mode ESI-MS recorded from the biosurfactant produced by P. aeruginosa SR17. (DOCX 41 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rupshikha Patowary
    • 1
  • Kaustuvmani Patowary
    • 1
  • Mohan Chandra Kalita
    • 2
  • Suresh Deka
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Environmental Biotechnology Laboratory, Life Sciences DivisionInstitute of Advanced Study in Science & Technology (IASST)GuwahatiIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyGauhati UniversityGuwahatiIndia

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