Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

, Volume 177, Issue 7, pp 1456–1465 | Cite as

Production of Herbicide-Resistant Medicinal Plant Salvia miltiorrhiza Transformed with the Bar Gene

  • Yu Liu
  • Shi Xin Yang
  • Yan Cheng
  • Dong Qing Liu
  • Yong Zhang
  • Ke Jun Deng
  • Xue Lian ZhengEmail author


In this study, we successfully performed Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation of Salvia miltiorrhiza and produced herbicide-resistant transformants. Leaf discs of S. miltiorrhiza were infected with Agrobacterium tumefaciens EHA105 harboring pCAMBIA 3301. The pCAMBIA 3301 includes an intron-containing gus reporter and a bar selection marker. To increase stable transformation efficiency, a two-step selection was employed which consists of herbicide resistance and gus expression. Here, we put more attention to the screening step of herbicide resistance. The current study provides an efficient screening system for the transformed plant of S. miltiorrhiza harboring bar gene. To determine the most suitable phosphinothricin concentration for plant selection, non-transformed leaf discs were grown on selection media containing six different phosphinothricin concentrations (0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, and 1.0 mg/l). Based on the above results of non-transformed calluses, the sensitivity of phosphinothricin (0, 0.4, 0.8, 1.2, 1.6 mg/l) was tested in the screening of transgenic S. miltiorrhiza. We identified that 0.6 mg/l phosphinothricin should be suitable for selecting putatively transformed callus because non-transformed callus growth was effectively inhibited under this concentrations. When sprayed with Basta, the transgenic S. miltiorrhiza plants were tolerant to the herbicide. Hence, we report successful transformation of the bar gene conferring herbicide resistance to S. miltiorrhiza.


Salvia miltiorrhiza Agrobacterium tumefaciens Leaf discs Bar Gene herbicide-resistant 


S. miltiorrhiza

Salvia miltiorrhiza

A. tumefaciens

Agrobacterium tumefaciens

MS salts

Murashige and Skoog salts

CaMV 35S

Cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter


Luria-Bertani broth





This work was supported by a grant from the Sichuan Provincial Science and Technology Department (no. 2011NZ0098-12-02) to DKJ and ZXL.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

12010_2015_1826_Fig6_ESM.ppt (251 kb)
Supplement Figure. 1 PCR analysis of Gus gene from genomic DNA of the sterile transgenic plantlets sub-cultured for 6 times (a) and cultured for 6 months in soil after a 3-time sub-culture (b) separately. M, DNA marker 2000; 25, 26, 27 transgenic lines induced by A. tumefaciens harboring pCAMBIA 3301; P, binary vector pCAMBIA 3301; WT, DNA of the normal S. miltiorrhiza. (PPT 251 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu Liu
    • 1
  • Shi Xin Yang
    • 1
  • Yan Cheng
    • 1
  • Dong Qing Liu
    • 1
  • Yong Zhang
    • 1
  • Ke Jun Deng
    • 1
  • Xue Lian Zheng
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.ChengduChina

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