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Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

, Volume 177, Issue 5, pp 1099–1114 | Cite as

Lactic Acid and Biosurfactants Production from Residual Cellulose Films

  • Oscar Manuel Portilla RiveraEmail author
  • Guillermo Arzate Martínez
  • Lorenzo Jarquín Enríquez
  • Pedro Alberto Vázquez Landaverde
  • José Manuel Domínguez GonzálezEmail author
Article

Abstract

The increasing amounts of residual cellulose films generated as wastes all over the world represent a big scale problem for the meat industry regarding to environmental and economic issues. The use of residual cellulose films as a feedstock of glucose-containing solutions by acid hydrolysis and further fermentation into lactic acid and biosurfactants was evaluated as a method to diminish and revalorize these wastes. Under a treatment consisting in sulfuric acid 6 % (v/v); reaction time 2 h; solid liquid ratio 9 g of film/100 mL of acid solution, and temperature 130 °C, 35 g/L of glucose and 49 % of solubilized film was obtained. From five lactic acid strains, Lactobacillus plantarum was the most suitable for metabolizing the glucose generated. The process was scaled up under optimized conditions in a 2-L bioreactor, producing 3.4 g/L of biomass, 18 g/L of lactic acid, and 15 units of surface tension reduction of a buffer phosphate solution. Around 50 % of the cellulose was degraded by the treatment applied, and the liqueurs generated were useful for an efficient production of lactic acid and biosurfactants using L. plantarum. Lactobacillus bacteria can efficiently utilize glucose from cellulose films hydrolysis without the need of clarification of the liqueurs.

Keywords

Residual cellulose films Acid hydrolysis Glucose Lactic acid Biosurfactants 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors are grateful to Programa de Mejoramiento del Profesorado (PROMEP) for the financial support of this work by the grant PROMEP/103.5/11/6945.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oscar Manuel Portilla Rivera
    • 1
    Email author
  • Guillermo Arzate Martínez
    • 2
  • Lorenzo Jarquín Enríquez
    • 2
  • Pedro Alberto Vázquez Landaverde
    • 3
  • José Manuel Domínguez González
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Coordinación Académica Región Huasteca SurUniversidad Autónoma de San Luis PotosíTamazunchaleMéxico
  2. 2.Ingeniería AgroindustrialUniversidad Politécnica de GuanajuatoCortázarMéxico
  3. 3.Centro de Investigación en Ciencia Aplicada y Tecnología Avanzada del Instituto Politécnico Nacional Unidad QuerétaroQuerétaroMéxico
  4. 4.Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of SciencesUniversity of Vigo (Campus Ourense), Ourense, Spain and Agro-Food Biotechnology Laboratory, CITI—Research, Transfer and Innovation Centre, Technological Park of GaliciaOurenseSpain

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