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Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

, Volume 176, Issue 7, pp 1937–1949 | Cite as

A Simple Green Synthesis of Palladium Nanoparticles with Sargassum Alga and Their Electrocatalytic Activities Towards Hydrogen Peroxide

  • S. MomeniEmail author
  • I. Nabipour
Article

Abstract

This study presents the synthesis of palladium nanoparticles (PdNPs) using the extract derived from the marine alga, Sargassum bovinum, collected from Persian Gulf area. Water-soluble compounds that exist in the marine alga extract were the main cause of the reduction of palladium ions to Pd nanoparticles. The basic properties of PdNPs produced in this method were confirmed by UV–visible spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). TEM confirmed the monodispersed and octahedral shape of PdNPs within the size ranges from 5 to 10 nm. Catalytic performance of the biosynthetic PdNPs was investigated by electrochemical reduction of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). PdNP-modified carbon ionic liquid electrode (PdNPs/CILE) was developed as a nonenzymatic sensor for the determination of hydrogen peroxide. Amperometric measurements showed that PdNPs/CILE is a reliable sensor for the detection of hydrogen peroxide in the range of 5.0 μM–15.0 mM with a sensitivity of 284.35 mAmM−1 cm−2 and a detection limit of 1.0 μM. Moreover, PdNPs/CILE exhibits a wide linear range, high sensitivity and selectivity, and excellent stability for the detection of H2O2 in aqueous solutions.

Keywords

Alga Carbon ionic liquid electrode Hydrogen peroxide Palladium nanoparticles Sargassum 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Persian Gulf Marine Biotechnology Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research InstituteBushehr University of Medical SciencesBushehrIran

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