Multivariate Optimization and Supplementation Strategies for the Simultaneous Production of Amylases, Cellulases, Xylanases, and Proteases by Aspergillus awamori Under Solid-State Fermentation Conditions
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The production of extracts containing a pool of enzymes for extensive biomass deconstruction can lead to significant advantages in biorefinery applications. In this work, a strain of Aspergillus awamori IOC-3914 was used for the simultaneous production of five groups of hydrolases by solid-state fermentation of babassu cake. Sequential experimental design strategies and multivariate optimization using the desirability function were first used to study temperature, moisture content, and granulometry. After that, further improvements in product yields were achieved by supplementation with other agro-industrial materials. At the end of the study, the production of enzymes was up to 3.3-fold increased, and brewer’s spent grains and babassu flour showed to be the best supplements. Maximum activities for endoamylases, exoamylases, cellulases (CMCases), xylanases, and proteases achieved were 197, 106, 20, 835, and 57 U g−1, respectively. The strain was also able to produce β-glucosidases and debranching amylases (up to 35 and 43 U g−1, respectively), indicating the potential of its enzyme pool for cellulose and starch degradation.
KeywordsAmylases Proteases Cellulases Xylanases Multivariate optimization by desirability analysis
The authors wish to thank Dr. Edmond Baruque (Tocantins Babaçu S.A.) for kindly providing babassu cake and Daniele Fernandes and Mariana Teixeira for their technical assistance. The financial support from CNPq, CAPES, FAPERJ, and ANP/PETROBRAS are also gratefully acknowledged.
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