Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

, Volume 169, Issue 1, pp 145–158 | Cite as

Kinetics and Computational Docking Studies on the Inhibition of Tyrosinase Induced by Oxymatrine

  • Xiao-Xia Liu
  • Shi-Qing Sun
  • Yu-Jie Wang
  • Wei Xu
  • Yi-Fang Wang
  • Daeui Park
  • Hai-Meng Zhou
  • Hong-Yan Han


A combination of enzymatic inhibition kinetics and computational prediction was employed to search for an effective inhibitor of tyrosinase. We found that oxymatrine significantly inhibited tyrosinase, and that this reaction was not accompanied by detectable conformational changes. Kinetic analysis showed that oxymatrine reversibly inhibited tyrosinase in a mixed-type manner. Measurements of intrinsic and ANS-binding fluorescences showed that oxymatrine did not induce any conspicuous changes in the tertiary structure. We also conducted a docking simulation between tyrosinase and oxymatrine using two docking programs, Dock6.3 and AutoDock4.2 (binding energy was −118.81 kcal/mol for Dock6 and −8.04 kcal/mol for AutoDock4). The results also suggested that oxymatrine interacts mostly with the residues of CYS83 and HIS263 in the active site of tyrosinase. This strategy of predicting tyrosinase inhibition by simulation of docking coupling with kinetics may prove useful in screening for potential tyrosinase inhibitors. Knowledge of tyrosinase inhibition can provide medical, cosmetic, and agricultural applications. Our study suggests that oxymatrine is an important agent for various applications related to pigment formation.


Oxymatrine Tyrosinase Inhibitor Kinetics Computational docking 








Dr. Xiao-Xia Liu was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31100053) and Zhejiang Science & Technology Innovation Team Project (2012R10012-08). Dr. Hong-Yan Han was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81071306). Dr. Hai-Meng Zhou was supported by a grant from the 624 project supported by Zhejiang leading team of Science & Technology innovation (Team No. 2010R50019).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiao-Xia Liu
    • 1
  • Shi-Qing Sun
    • 1
  • Yu-Jie Wang
    • 1
  • Wei Xu
    • 1
  • Yi-Fang Wang
    • 1
  • Daeui Park
    • 2
  • Hai-Meng Zhou
    • 3
  • Hong-Yan Han
    • 4
  1. 1.College of Biological, Chemical Sciences and EngineeringJiaxing UniversityJiaxingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Molecular Inflammation Research Center for Aging Intervention (MRCA), College of PharmacyPusan National UniversityBusanKorea
  3. 3.Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied EnzymologyYangtze Delta Region Institute of Tsinghua UniversityJiaxingPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.School of Biology and Basic Medical SciencesSoochow UniversitySuzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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