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Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

, Volume 168, Issue 5, pp 1163–1196 | Cite as

New Tools for Exploring “Old Friends—Microbial Lipases”

  • Saisubramanian Nagarajan
Article

Abstract

Fat-splitting enzymes (lipases), due to their natural, industrial, and medical relevance, attract enough attention as fats do in our lives. Starting from the paper that we write, cheese and oil that we consume, detergent that we use to remove oil stains, biodiesel that we use as transportation fuel, to the enantiopure drugs that we use in therapeutics, all these applications are facilitated directly or indirectly by lipases. Due to their uniqueness, versatility, and dexterity, decades of research work have been carried out on microbial lipases. The hunt for novel lipases and strategies to improve them continues unabated as evidenced by new families of microbial lipases that are still being discovered mostly by metagenomic approaches. A separate database for true lipases termed LIPABASE has been created recently which provides taxonomic, structural, biochemical information about true lipases from various species. The present review attempts to summarize new approaches that are employed in various aspects of microbial lipase research, viz., screening, isolation, production, purification, improvement by protein engineering, and surface display. Finally, novel applications facilitated by microbial lipases are also presented.

Keywords

Microbial lipases Metagenomic approaches Laboratory evolution Surface display 

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemical and BiotechnologySASTRA UniversityThanjavurIndia

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