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Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

, Volume 167, Issue 5, pp 1314–1324 | Cite as

Newly Isolated Lactic Acid Bacteria with Probiotic Features for Potential Application in Food Industry

  • Jayakumar Beena Divya
  • Kontham Kulangara Varsha
  • Kesavan Madhavan NampoothiriEmail author
Article

Abstract

Five newly isolated lactic acid bacteria were identified as Weissella cibaria, Enterococcus faecium, and three different strains of Lactobacillus plantarum by 16S rRNA sequencing. Essential probiotic requirements of these isolates such as tolerance to phenol, low pH, high sodium chloride, and bile salt concentration were checked. Efficiency in adherence to mucin and hydrophobicity of the bacterial cell were also evaluated by in vitro studies. Antimicrobial activities against some pathogens were tried, and the sensitivity of these strains against 25 different antibiotics was also checked. Further studies revealed Weissella and Enterococcus as substantial producers of folic acid. Folate is involved as a cofactor in many metabolic reactions, and it has to be an essential component in the human diet. The folate level in the fermented samples was determined by microbiological assay using Lactobacillus casei NCIM 2364 as indicator strain. The three strains of L. plantarum showed significant inhibitory activity against various fungi that commonly contaminate food stuffs indicating their potential as a biopreservative of food material.

Keywords

Lactic acid bacteria Probiotics Folic acid Bioavailability Antifungal Biopreservative 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Research fellowships from the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi, India, Department of Science and Technology (DST), New Delhi, India, and Kerala State Council for Science, Technology and Environment (KSCSTE), India, were greatly acknowledged. The research grant from the Department of Biotechnology (DBT), New Delhi, to initiate probiotic research is greatly appreciated.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jayakumar Beena Divya
    • 1
  • Kontham Kulangara Varsha
    • 1
  • Kesavan Madhavan Nampoothiri
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Biotechnology DivisionNational Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology (NIIST), CSIRTrivandrumIndia

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