Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

, Volume 165, Issue 7–8, pp 1494–1506 | Cite as

Large-Scale Production of Phospholipase D from Streptomyces racemochromogenes and Its Application to Soybean Lecithin Modification

  • Yozo NakazawaEmail author
  • Yoshimasa Sagane
  • Shin-ichiro Sakurai
  • Masataka Uchino
  • Hiroaki Sato
  • Kazuki Toeda
  • Katsumi Takano


Phospholipase D (PLD) catalyzes transphosphatidylation, causing inter-conversion of the polar head group of phospholipids and phospholipid hydrolysis. Previously, we cloned PLD103, a PLD with high transphosphatidylation activity, from Streptomyces racemochromogenes strain 10-3. Here, we report the construction of an expression system for the PLD103 gene using Streptomyces lividans as the host bacterium to achieve large-scale production. The phosphatidylcholine (PC) hydrolysis activity of S. lividans transformed with the expression plasmid containing the PLD103 gene was approximately 90-fold higher than that of the original strain. The recombinant PLD103 (rPLD103) found in the supernatant of the transformant culture medium was close to homogeneous. The rPLD103 was indistinguishable from the native enzyme in molecular mass and enzymatic properties. Additionally, rPLD103 had high transphosphatidylation activity on PC as a substrate in a simple aqueous one-phase reaction system and was able to modify the phospholipid content of soybean lecithin. Consequently, the expression system produces a stable supply of PLD, which can then be used in the production of phosphatidyl derivatives from lecithin.


Phospholipase D Lecithin Phospholipid Soybean Transphosphatidylation Phospholipid modification Oil manufacture Phosphatidylcholine Phosphatidylserine Phosphatidylglycerol 



We thank Kazuaki Hirabayashi, Teppei Kikuchi, and Eri Yamamoto for their technical assistance.

Supplementary material

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Fig. S1

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High resolution image (EPS 1794 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yozo Nakazawa
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yoshimasa Sagane
    • 2
  • Shin-ichiro Sakurai
    • 3
  • Masataka Uchino
    • 3
  • Hiroaki Sato
    • 1
  • Kazuki Toeda
    • 1
  • Katsumi Takano
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Food and Cosmetic Science, Faculty of BioindustryTokyo University of AgricultureAbashiriJapan
  2. 2.Sars International Centre for Marine Molecular BiologyBergenNorway
  3. 3.Department of Applied Biology and Chemistry, Faculty of Applied BioscienceTokyo University of AgricultureSetagayaJapan

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