Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

, Volume 165, Issue 2, pp 442–453 | Cite as

Lipid Production by Culturing Oleaginous Yeast and Algae with Food Waste and Municipal Wastewater in an Integrated Process

  • Zhanyou Chi
  • Yubin Zheng
  • Anping Jiang
  • Shulin Chen
Article

Abstract

Food waste and municipal wastewater are promising feedstocks for microbial lipid biofuel production, and corresponding production process is to be developed. In this study, different oleaginous yeast strains were tested to grow in hydrolyzed food waste, and growths of Cryptococcus curvatus, Yarrowia lipolytica, and Rhodotorula glutinis in this condition were at same level as in glucose culture as control. These strains were further tested to grow in municipal primary wastewater. C. curvatus and R. glutinis had higher production than Y. lipolytica in media made from primary wastewater, both with and without glucose supplemented. Finally, a process was tested to grow C. curvatus and R. glutinis in media made from food waste and municipal wastewater, and the effluents from these processes were further treated with yeast culture and phototrophic algae culture; 1.1 g/L C. curvatus and 1.5 g/L R. glutinis biomass were further produced in second-step yeast cultures, as well as 1.53 and 0.58 g/L Chlorella sorokiniana biomass in phototrophic cultures. The residual nitrogen concentrations in final effluents were 33 mg/L and 34 mg/L, respectively, and the residual phosphorus concentrations were 1.5 and 0.6 mg/L, respectively. The lipid contents in the produced biomass were from 18.7% to 28.6%.

Keywords

Oleaginous yeast Algae Biodiesel Municipal wastewater Food waste 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhanyou Chi
    • 1
  • Yubin Zheng
    • 1
  • Anping Jiang
    • 1
  • Shulin Chen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological Systems EngineeringWashington State UniversityPullmanUSA

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