A xylanase-encoding gene, xyn11F63, was isolated from Penicillium sp. F63 CGMCC1669 using degenerated polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and thermal asymmetric interlaced (TAIL)-PCR techniques. The full-length chromosomal gene consists of 724 bp, including a 73-bp intron, and encodes a 217 amino acid polypeptide. The deduced amino acid sequence of xyn11F63 shows the highest identity of 70% to the xylanase from Penicillium sp. strain 40, which belongs to glycosyl hydrolases family 11. The gene was overexpressed in Pichia pastoris, and its activity in the culture medium reached 516 U ml−1. After purification to electrophoretic homogeneity, the enzyme showed maximal activity at pH 4.5 and 40°C, was stable at acidic buffers of pH 4.5–9.0, and was resistant to proteases (proteinase K, trypsin, subtilisin A, and α-chymotrypsin). The specific activity, Km, and Vmax for oat spelt xylan substrate was 7,988 U mg−1, 22.2 mg ml−1, and 15,105.7 μmol min−1 mg−1, respectively. These properties make XYN11F63 a potential economical candidate for use in feed and food industrial applications.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
This work was supported by the Chinese National High Technology Research and Development Program (863 Program, Grant No. 2007AA100601) and the Chinese Agricultural Microorganism Collection and Share Program (No. 2005DKA21201).
Polizeli, M., Rizzatti, A., Monti, R., Terenzi, H., Jorge, J., & Amorim, D. (2005). Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 67, 577–591.CrossRefGoogle Scholar