Characterization of Rhamnolipid Produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolate Bs20
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Rhamnolipid produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolate Bs20 is viscous sticky oily yellowish brown liquid with a fruity odor. It showed solubility at aqueous pH > 4 with optimum solubility at pH 7–7.5 and freely soluble in ethyl acetate. This biosurfactant has a very high surface activity as it could lower the surface tension of water to 30 mN/m at about 13.4 mg/L, and it exhibited excellent stabilities at high temperatures (heating at 100°C for 1 h and autoclaving at 121°C for 10 min), salinities (up to 6% NaCl), and pH values (up to pH 13). The produced biosurfactant can be used in the crude form either as cell-free or cell-containing culture broth of the grown bacteria, since both preparations showed high emulsification indices ranged between 59% and 66% against kerosene, diesel, and motor oil. These characters make the test rhamnolipid a potential candidate for use in bioremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated sites or in the petroleum industry. High-performance thin-layer chromatography densitometry revealed that the extracted rhamnolipid contained the two most active rhamnolipid homologues dirhamno dilipidic rhamnolipid and monorhamno dilipidic rhamnolipid at 44% and 56%, respectively, as compared to 51% and 29.5%, respectively, in a standard rhamnolipid preparation. The nature and ratio of these two rhamnolipid homologues showed to be strain dependent rather than medium-component dependent.
KeywordsRhamnolipid Pseudomonas aeruginosa Characterization
The authors would like to thank Dr. Salam M. Awada (AgSciTech, Logan, UT, USA) for kindly supplying the standard rhamnolipid and Dr. Anas M. Abdel-Mawgoud (ARCMP, NODCAR, Ministry of Health, Cairo, Egypt) for technical support and help in HPTLC experiments.
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