Remediation of Textile Dye Waste Water Using a White-Rot Fungus Bjerkandera adusta Through Solid-state Fermentation (SSF)

Article

Abstract

A strict screening strategy for microorganism selection was followed employing a number of white-rot fungi for the bioremediation of textile effluent, which was generated from one Ireland-based American textile industry. Finally, one fungus Bjerkandera adusta has been investigated in depth for its ability to simultaneously degrade and enrich the nutritional quality of highly coloured textile effluent-adsorbed barley husks through solid-state fermentation (SSF). Certain important parameters such as media requirements, moisture content, protein/biomass production and enzyme activities were examined in detail. A previously optimised method of dye desorption was employed to measure the extent of dye remediation through effluent decolorisation achieved as a result of fungal activity in SSF. B. adusta was capable of decolourising a considerable concentration of the synthetic dye effluent (up to 53%) with a moisture content of 80–85%. Protein enrichment of the fermented mass was achieved to the extent of 229 g/kg dry weight initial substrate used. Lignin peroxidase and laccase were found to be the two main enzymes produced during SSF of the dye-adsorbed lignocellulosic waste residue.

Keywords

Barley husks Textile dyes Bjerkandera adusta Laccase Lignin peroxidase Manganese peroxidase Decolourisation Solid-state fermentation (SSF) 

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Copyright information

© Humana Press 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Life and Health SciencesUniversity of UlsterColeraineUK

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