Strategies for Enhancing Laccase Yield from Streptomyces psammoticus and Its Role in Mediator-based Decolorization of Azo Dyes
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Enhanced production of laccases from Streptomyces psammoticus in solid-state fermentation was carried out using two different strategies: laccase inducers and scale-up process. Laccase yield was enhanced by a wide range of aromatic inducers. The best inducer was pyrogallol, which yielded 116 U/g as compared to the control (55.4 U/g). Scale-up studies in packed bed bioreactor was performed at different aeration rates. Aeration at 1.5 vvm was identified as the optimum condition for laccase production (75.4 U/g) in the column bioreactor. The enzyme yield was enhanced further by combining the best conditions from the first two experiments. Fermentation was carried out in bioreactors in the presence of 1 mM pyrogallol, which resulted in 3.9-fold increase in laccase yield (215.6 U/g). The role of laccase in azo dye decolorization was evaluated in the presence of four different laccase mediators, at different concentrations. 1-Hydroxybenzotriazole (HOBT) proved to be the best mediator for S. psammoticus laccase and decolorized the azo dyes efficiently. Acid orange, Methyl orange, and Bismarck brown were decolorized at the rates of 86%, 71%, and 75% respectively, by HOBT.
KeywordsLaccase Aromatic inducers Packed bed reactor Laccase-mediators Dye decolorization Streptomyces psammoticus
The authors are grateful to the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Government of India, for the Research Fellowship given to K.N. Niladevi.
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