A comparative analysis of adhesive bonding and interference fitting as joining technologies for hybrid metal-composite gear manufacturing

  • Piervincenzo G. CateraEmail author
  • Domenico Mundo
  • Francesco Gagliardi
  • Alessandra Treviso
Original Paper


The aim of this work is to compare two different joining technologies for steel and carbon fibre reinforced polymer materials in a hybrid gear in order to improve the dynamic behaviour in terms of natural frequencies and damping properties. A comprehensive approach for the design and prototyping of hybrid metal-composite gears with interference fitting and adhesive bonding is provided. In a following phase, an accurate description of the experimental impact tests is shown in order to investigate modal performances. Successively, in a finite element environment, modal analyses are conducted and frequency response functions of the gear model are analysed by means of complex stiffness matrix that accounts for structural damping. Impact tests and simulations indicate that the solution with interference fitting is stiffer than the one with adhesive, even if the damping capacity is lower. The results for both technologies show that it is possible to enhance noise and vibrations behaviour of gears through the application of composite materials in place of conventional full-metal solutions.


Hybrid gear Finite element analysis Modal damping Frequency response function Adhesive bonding Interference fitting 



The authors gratefully acknowledge Siemens Industry Software NV (Belgium) for the valuable support.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical, Energy and Management EngineeringUniversity of CalabriaRendeItaly
  2. 2.National Composites CentreBristol and Bath Science ParkEmersons GreenUK

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