Modeling, multi-objective optimization and cost estimation of bone drilling under micro-cooling spray technique: an integrated analysis

  • Muhammad Jamil
  • Aqib Mashood Khan
  • Hussien HegabEmail author
  • Mozammel Mia
  • Munish Kumar Gupta
Original Paper


In bone fixation, frictional heat effect in orthopedic surgery has a potentially hazardous for soft tissues. Saline water irrigation has frequently been practiced preventing the thermal damage and limiting the applied cutting forces in high-speed orthopedic drilling. The application of excessive cutting fluids limits the heat and applied forces; however, it isn’t an environmentally friendly solution. In this work, a novel micro-irrigation system was developed to provide a mixture of air and saline water, having a small quantity of cooling spray (SQCS) at higher pressure into the cutting zone. This SQCS limits the frictional heat and providing lubrication and near to dry clean operative zone through a superior cooling effect compared to conventional irrigation. The carbide drills were used to make a hole in the fresh calf tibia bone. In addition, response surface methodology (RSM) was used to design the experiments. The regression models were developed between the input design parameters and performance measures to explore the relation under proposed micro-irrigation and facilitate the multi-objective optimization. Besides, cost analysis for the process has been performed. Thus, this work offers an integrated analysis to purely study and understand the bone drilling process under employing micro-cooling spray.


Micro-cooling Cutting performance Orthopedic surgery Modeling Multi-objective optimization 

List of abbreviations


Small quantity of cooling spray


Response surface methodology


Analysis of variance


Grey relational analysis


Central composite design


Design of experiments


Finite element analysis




Computer numerical control


Micro-lubrication flow rate


Degree of freedom


Compliance with ethical standard

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Jamil
    • 1
    • 2
  • Aqib Mashood Khan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hussien Hegab
    • 3
    Email author
  • Mozammel Mia
    • 4
  • Munish Kumar Gupta
    • 5
  1. 1.College of Mechanical and Electrical EngineeringNanjing University of Aeronautics and AstronauticsNanjingChina
  2. 2.Industrial Engineering DepartmentUniversity of Engineering and Technology TaxilaTaxilaPakistan
  3. 3.Mechanical Design and Production Engineering DepartmentCairo UniversityGizaEgypt
  4. 4.Mechanical EngineeringImperial College LondonLondonUK
  5. 5.Key Laboratory of High Efficiency and Clean Mechanical Manufacture, Ministry of Education, School of Mechanical EngineeringShandong UniversityJinanPeople’s Republic of China

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