Robust interactive design for ergonomics and safety: R-IDEaS procedure and applications

  • Andrea TaralloEmail author
  • Giuseppe Di Gironimo
  • Salvatore Gerbino
  • Amalia Vanacore
  • Antonio Lanzotti
Original Paper


This paper presents an interactive design method aimed at improving workplace health and safety. Human performances and anthropometric variability are carefully considered to make the workplace “robust” from a safety point of view. This topic is of increasing interest to industries that plan to make safer workplaces without renouncing to their productivity targets. A challenging issue concerns the evaluation of the effects of sources of anthropometric variability in the process by using just a small sample of real or digital humans. The adoption of a discretization technique helps to solve this problem and saving time and resources. Through real industrial case studies, the authors investigate the main ergonomic and safety issues faced during the development of both manual and human–robot hybrid workcells.


Design methods Robust design Virtual ergonomics Virtual safety Human–robot interaction Digital human modelling 



The authors would like to deeply thank all the anonymous reviewers for their careful, constructive and insightful comments on this work. Their contribution has significantly helped us in improving this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Industrial Engineering (DII)University of Naples Federico IINaplesItaly
  2. 2.Department DiBT - Engineering DivisionUniversity of MoliseCampobassoItaly

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