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Computer aided modelling to simulate the biomechanical behaviour of customised orthodontic removable appliances

  • S. Barone
  • A. PaoliEmail author
  • A. V. Razionale
  • R. Savignano
Original Paper

Abstract

In the field of orthodontics, the use of Removable Thermoplastic Appliances (RTAs) to treat moderate malocclusion problems is progressively replacing traditional fixed brackets. Generally, these orthodontic devices are designed on the basis of individual anatomies and customised requirements. However, many elements may affect the effectiveness of a RTA-based therapy: accuracies of anatomical reference models, clinical treatment strategies, shape features and mechanical properties of the appliances. In this paper, a numerical model for customised orthodontic treatments planning is proposed by means of the finite element method. The model integrates individual patient’s teeth, periodontal ligaments, bone tissue with structural and geometrical attributes of the appliances. The anatomical tissues are reconstructed by a multi-modality imaging technique, which combines 3D data obtained by an optical scanner (visible tissues) and a computerised tomography system (internal tissues). The mechanical interactions between anatomical shapes and appliance models are simulated through finite element analyses. The numerical approach allows a dental technician to predict how the RTA attributes affect tooth movements. In this work, treatments considering rotation movements for a maxillary incisor and a maxillary canine have been analysed by using multi-tooth models.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Orthodontic tooth movement Removable thermoplastic appliance Anatomical modelling Numerical analysis 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Barone
    • 1
  • A. Paoli
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. V. Razionale
    • 1
  • R. Savignano
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil and Industrial EngineeringUniversity of PisaPisaItaly

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