Virtual reality simulation applied to a numerical control milling machine

Original Paper

Abstract

Simulation of Numerical Control Machine-Tools (NCMT) based on Virtual Reality allows us a previous visualization of the different processes performed on a manufactured part. Moreover, simulation permits inexperienced workers to learn how to control the machine in a safe way even from a remote location through the web. The development of a NC milling machine commonly used in the aeronautical industry is presented here. The machine architecture and its environment are based on object oriented programming, which makes possible upgrade and modularity. Each machine element is represented by a C++ class, as well as the compiler that interprets the NC program code lines.

Keywords

Manufacturing Simulation Virtual reality Machine-tools Numerical control 

References

  1. 1.
    Vince, J.: Essential virtual reality. How to understand the techniques and potencial of virtual reality (2001)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Xu Z., Zhao Z. and Bines R.W. (2000). Constructing virtual environments for manufacturing simulation. Int. J. Prod. Res. 38(17): 4171–4191 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rubio E.M., Sebastián M.A. and Sanz A. (2004). Simulación de sistemas flexibles de fabricación mediante modelos de realidad virtual. Información Tecnológica 1(15): 49–54 Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Banerjee P. and Zetu D. (2001). Virtual Manufacturing. Wiley, London Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lu S.C.-Y., Shpitalni M. and Gadh R. (1999). Virtual and augmented reality technologies for product realization. Manuf. Technol. 48(2): 471–475 Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    The bologna declaration of 19 june 1999. Joint declaration of the european ministers of education. Technical report (1999)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rubio Alvir E.M., Sebastián Pérez M.A. and Sanz Lobera A. (2002). Aplicaciones docentes de realidad virtual en ingeniería de fabricación. Anales de ingeniería mecánicas 14: 1576–1581 Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sanz Lobera, A., Rubio Alvir, E.M., Sebastián Pérez, M.A.: Considerations to the application of virtual reality technics for the study and the training with numerical control machine-tools. In: Proceedings of CIRP International Manufacturing Education Working Group CIMEC-2002, vol. 1, pp. 265–273 (2002)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sanz Lobera A., Rubio Alvir E.M. and Sebastián Pérez M.A. (2001). Aplicacion de técnicas de realidad virtual en la utilización de máquinas-herramienta de control numérico. Actas del V Congreso Iberoamericano de Ingeniería Mecánica 1: 1157–1164 Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rubio, E.M.: Aplicación de técnicas de Realidad Virtual al estudio del comportamiento de sistemas flexibles de fabricación. PhD thesis, UNED, Madrid (2002)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sanz Lobera A., Pérez Serrano J. and Plaza Serrano F. (2002). Consideraciones relativas al software applicable en desarrollos de simulación en fabricación mediante realidad virtual. Anales de ingeniería mecánica 14: 273–277 Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sanz Lobera, A., Rubio Alvir, E.M., Martínez Murillo, C., Sebastián Pérez, M.A.: Manufacturing Processes Analysis by Virtual Reality, Materials Science Forum, Advances in Materials Processing Technologies. ISBN: 0-87849-417-0 (2006)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Murcia, P.J., Sanz Lobera, A., Sanz López, I., Rubio Alvir, E.M.: A numerical control lathe made on a virtual reality environment. In: Proceedings of Virtual Concept 2005. Biarritz, France (2005)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Piegel les.a. (1997). The Nurbs Book. Springer, Berlin Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wright, R.S., Lipchak, B.: OpenGL SuperBible. 3rd (ed.) ISBN-13: 978-0-672-32601-1, SAMS (2004)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sanz A., González I., Garcíadel Valle I. and Tobaruela E. (1974). La célula flexible de fabricación etsia-cff. Anales de ingeniería mecánica 10(3): 127–134 Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sanz Lobera A. and García Zamora J. (2004). Aplicación de la programación orientada a objetos en la simulación mediante realidad virtual de equipos automatizados de fabricación. Anales de ingeniería mecánica 15: 223–231 Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Rubio Alvir, E.M., Sanz Lobera, A., Sebastián Pérez, M.A.: Virtual reality techniques applied on flexible manufacturing systems behaviour. In: Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Advanced Manufacturing Technology, pp. 1131–1136 (2004)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Verlag France 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials and Aerospace Production, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros AeronáuticosETSIA-UPM, Pza Cardenal Cisneros, (Ciudad Universitaria)MadridSpain

Personalised recommendations