Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research®

, Volume 472, Issue 11, pp 3404–3414

A Novel System Improves Preservation of Osteochondral Allografts

  • James L. Cook
  • Aaron M. Stoker
  • James P. Stannard
  • Keiichi Kuroki
  • Cristi R. Cook
  • Ferris M. Pfeiffer
  • Chantelle Bozynski
  • Clark T. Hung
Basic Research

DOI: 10.1007/s11999-014-3773-9

Cite this article as:
Cook, J.L., Stoker, A.M., Stannard, J.P. et al. Clin Orthop Relat Res (2014) 472: 3404. doi:10.1007/s11999-014-3773-9

Abstract

Background

Osteochondral allografting is an option for successful treatment of large articular cartilage defects. Use of osteochondral allografting is limited by graft availability, often because of loss of chondrocyte viability during storage.

Questions/purposes

The purpose of this study was to compare osteochondral allografts implanted in canine knees after 28 days or 60 days of storage for (1) initial (1 week) safety and feasibility; (2) integrity and positioning with time (12 weeks and 6 months); and (3) gross, cell viability, histologic, biochemical, and biomechanical characteristics at an endpoint of 6 months.

Methods

With Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee approval, adult dogs (n = 16) were implanted with 8-mm cylindrical osteochondral allografts in the lateral and medial femoral condyles of one knee. Osteochondral allografts preserved for 28 or 60 days using either the current tissue bank standard-of-care (SOC) or a novel system (The Missouri Osteochondral Allograft Preservation System, or MOPS) were used, creating four treatment groups: SOC 28-day, MOPS 28-day, SOC 60-day, and MOPS 60-day. Bacteriologic analysis of tissue culture and media were performed. Dogs were assessed by radiographs and arthroscopy at interim times and by gross, cell viability, histology, biochemistry, and biomechanical testing at the 6-month endpoint.

Results

With the numbers available, there was no difference in infection frequency during storage (5% for SOC and 3% for MOPS; p = 0.5). No infected graft was implanted and no infections occurred in vivo. MOPS grafts had greater chondrocyte viability at Day 60 (90% versus 53%; p = 0.002). For 60-day storage, MOPS grafts were as good as or better than SOC grafts with respect to all outcome measures assessed 6 months after implantation.

Conclusions

Donor chondrocyte viability is important for osteochondral allograft success. MOPS allows preservation of chondrocyte viability for up to 60 days at sufficient levels to result in successful outcomes in a canine model of large femoral condylar articular defects.

Clinical Relevance

These findings provide a promising development in osteochondral allograft technology that can benefit the quantity of grafts available for use and the quality of grafts being implanted.

Copyright information

© The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons® 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • James L. Cook
    • 1
  • Aaron M. Stoker
    • 1
  • James P. Stannard
    • 1
  • Keiichi Kuroki
    • 1
  • Cristi R. Cook
    • 1
  • Ferris M. Pfeiffer
    • 1
  • Chantelle Bozynski
    • 1
  • Clark T. Hung
    • 2
  1. 1.Comparative Orthopaedic Laboratory & Missouri Orthopaedic InstituteUniversity of MissouriColumbiaUSA
  2. 2.Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations