Surgical Technique: Iliosacral Reconstruction With Minimal Spinal Instrumentation
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- Nassif, N.A., Buchowski, J.M., Osterman, K. et al. Clin Orthop Relat Res (2013) 471: 947. doi:10.1007/s11999-012-2643-6
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Posterior pelvic ring reconstruction can be challenging and controversial. The choice regarding whether to reconstruct and how to reconstitute the pelvic ring is unclear. Many methods provide stability but often are technically difficult and require excessive dissection.
Description of Surgical Technique
This unique reconstructive technique uses the anterior aspect of the iliac crest with its attached muscle pedicle to provide a biologic scaffold for healing. The construct is secured with pedicle screws into the posterior column and S1 vertebral body with a spinal rod locked in compression. No additional fixation is used proximally into the lumbar spine. The iliac crest remains attached to the gluteus medius, allowing potential abductor function.
We retrospectively reviewed six patients who underwent iliosacral resection with this reconstruction. The mean age of the patients was 41 years. Complications were recorded. One patient died 6 months postoperatively. Musculoskeletal Tumor Society 1993 (MSTS ’93) score and Toronto Extremity Salvage Score (TESS) were obtained at a minimum 1-year followup in five patients. Healing was assessed radiographically. The minimum followup was 6 months (median, 33 months; range, 6–53 months).
The mean MSTS ’93 score was 72% and mean TESS was 66. All posterior column graft sites healed. At last followup, four of the five surviving patients had a stable pseudarthrosis at the proximal sacral site. One patient had a local recurrence and experienced failure of instrumentation without collapse or rotation of the hemipelvis 3 years postoperatively.
This technique provides a simple way to reconstruct the pelvic ring after iliosacral resection with clinical outcomes comparable to those for other methods. The method is a potential alternative for reconstruction of the posterior pelvic ring after resecting the ilium although reliable healing of the sacral site needs to be improved.