Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research®

, Volume 471, Issue 2, pp 472–477

Disclosure of Financial Conflicts of Interest: An Evaluation of Orthopaedic Surgery Patients’ Understanding

  • Jay R. Lieberman
  • Michael J. Pensak
  • Michael S. Kelleher
  • Robin R. Leger
  • Gregory G. PolkowskiII
Symposium: Papers Presented at the Annual Meetings of The Hip Society



Industry and orthopaedic surgeons often partner to develop new technology, which can lead to orthopaedic surgeons having financial conflicts of interest (FCOI). It is essential these FCOI be conveyed clearly to patients. It is unclear, however, whether and to what degree patients understand the ramifications of physician FCOI.


We evaluated (1) patients’ concerns regarding their surgeon having FCOI or the presence of institutional FCOI, (2) the effect of surgeon FCOI on patients’ willingness to have surgery, and (3) patients’ understanding of FCOI.


We asked 101 patients (66% female) receiving total joint arthroplasty from the orthopaedic practices of two surgeons at an academic health center to complete a descriptive, correlational designed survey at their 6-week followup appointment. The data collected included patient demographics, knowledge of FCOI, and the influence of FCOI on patient attitudes toward surgery and their surgeon.


A minority of patients (13%) reported discussing FCOI with prior physicians and only 55% agreed or strongly agreed a surgeon should disclose FCOI. Only 15% of patients believed such conflicts would make them less likely to have their surgeon operate on them. Level of education was weakly correlated (Spearman’s rho = 0.29) with patient understanding of FCOI.


Overall, patients had a poor understanding of FCOI. Both level of education and previous discussions of FCOI predicted better understanding. This study emphasizes communication of FCOI with patients needs to be enhanced.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (DOC 1827 kb)
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Supplementary material 2 (DOC 35 kb)
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Supplementary material 3 (DOC 38 kb)
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Supplementary material 5 (DOC 31 kb)

Copyright information

© The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons® 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jay R. Lieberman
    • 1
  • Michael J. Pensak
    • 1
  • Michael S. Kelleher
    • 2
  • Robin R. Leger
    • 1
  • Gregory G. PolkowskiII
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, New England Musculoskeletal InstituteUniversity of Connecticut Health CenterFarmingtonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Internal MedicineHospital of Saint RaphaelNew HavenUSA

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