Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research®

, Volume 471, Issue 2, pp 672–679 | Cite as

How Should Unmatched Orthopaedic Surgery Applicants Proceed?

  • Nirav H. Amin
  • Andre M. Jakoi
  • Douglas L. Cerynik
  • Neil S. Kumar
  • Norman JohansonEmail author
Clinical Research



Obtaining an orthopaedic surgery residency is competitive. Advisors must understand what factors may help unmatched candidates reapply successfully.


We determined (1) the attitude of leaders of orthopaedic surgery residency programs toward interviewing unmatched students; (2) whether a surgical internship or a research year is preferred in considering reapplicants; (3) the importance of United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) scores, recommendations, and Alpha Omega Alpha (AOA) membership; and (4) whether academic and nonacademic programs evaluate reapplicants differently.


We sent an anonymous 19-question survey to 151 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-accredited orthopaedic surgery residency programs in five waves, 1 week apart (December 5, 2009–January 5, 2010). Investigators were blinded to the respondents’ identities.


Ninety-one of the 151 programs (60%) responded. Sixty-eight of the 91 programs (75%) stated they rarely accept unmatched applicants. Sixty-eight programs (75%) agreed an unmatched applicant should do a surgery internship for 1 year. Of the 36 programs that recommended a research year, 32 were academic programs. Academic programs were more likely than nonacademic programs to view as important new recommendations (85% versus 67%), minimum scores of 220 on Step I (67% versus 49%) and Step II (64% versus 36%), and AOA membership (85% versus 67%).


By completing a surgical internship, unmatched students may increase their chances of matching. Students considering academic programs should ensure their academic record meets certain benchmarks and may consider a research year but risk limiting their acceptance to academic programs.


Residency Program Program Leader Uniform Resource Locator United States Medical License Examination United States Medical License Examination Step 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We thank the participants in this survey for their time and input. We thank Research on Research in the Department of Surgery at Duke University Medical Center for their assistance with survey administration and statistical analysis.


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Copyright information

© The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons® 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nirav H. Amin
    • 1
  • Andre M. Jakoi
    • 1
  • Douglas L. Cerynik
    • 1
  • Neil S. Kumar
    • 1
  • Norman Johanson
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryDrexel University College of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA

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