Minimally Invasive Total Hip Arthroplasty Using a Transpiriformis Approach: A Preliminary Report
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Continuing efforts have been made to develop minimally invasive surgery techniques for THA. One of the most commonly performed of these techniques is the mini-posterior approach. All reported series using this approach describe surgical detachment of the short external rotators of the hip. In 2008, Penenberg et al. described an innovative surgical technique that preserves the short external rotators. We present the results of a single-incision modification of this technique in 135 patients.
Description of Technique
This technique is based on preservation of all of the short external rotators of the hip with the exception of the piriformis or conjoined tendon. This single-incision technique required the development of specialized instrumentation for exposure and reaming of the acetabulum. The specialized retractors also successfully minimized trauma to the skin and subcutaneous tissue.
For the 135 patients undergoing THA with this technique, we analyzed demographic and operative data. We recorded complications, evaluated postoperative clinical function using the Harris hip score, and assessed cup abduction angle, cup anteversion, and stem alignment on radiographs. Minimum followup was 14 months (mean, 22 months; range, 14–33 months).
There were no dislocations, no sciatic nerve palsies, no wound complications, and low transfusion rates (8%). The postoperative Harris hip score averaged 96.5 (range, 87–100). Overall acetabular cup abduction angle averaged 41° (range, 21°–49°) and anteversion averaged 21° (range, 15°–27°). Four percent and 2% of femoral components were inserted into more than 2° varus and 2° valgus alignment, respectively.
This technique shows promise as an alternative tissue-sparing method for minimally invasive THA.
Level of Evidence
Level IV, therapeutic study. See Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
KeywordsKetorolac Gluteus Maximus Sciatic Nerve Palsy Short External Rotator Preoperative Templating
We thank Pete Bandel and R. Oliver Barrett for technical assistance and Nicole L. Ebarb for assistance with preparation of the manuscript.
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