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Local Recurrence has only a Small Effect on Survival in High-risk Extremity Osteosarcoma

Abstract

Background

Tumor enlargement after chemotherapy is considered one of the high-risk factors for local recurrence and survival in osteosarcoma. We hypothesized patients with this risk factor will have similar survival regardless of the development of local recurrence.

Questions/purposes

We asked (1) the prognostic factors for survival in our cohort, (2) how much effect local recurrence has on survival among patients with similar preoperative risk factors, and (3) what prognostic factors are important for survival in these selected patients.

Methods

We analyzed the prognostic factors for survival in 449 patients with extremity osteosarcoma without metastatic disease at initial diagnosis and treatment (38 with local recurrence, 411 without local recurrence). We compared the survival difference between patients with local recurrence (n = 38) and without local recurrence (control, n = 76) matched for age, location, initial tumor volume, and tumor volume change after chemotherapy, and assessed prognostic factors in this subgroup.

Results

In a cohort study, multivariate analysis revealed initial tumor volume, tumor enlargement, inadequate margin, and local recurrence predicted poor survival. In the case-control study, the 10-year metastasis-free survival rates of two groups were 13.1 ± 10.7% and 19.3 ± 9%, respectively. In the case-controlled groups, tumor enlargement and initial tumor volume showed multivariate significance.

Conclusions

Local recurrence has a small impact on survival in patients with high-risk osteosarcoma.

Level of Evidence

Level III, prognostic study. See Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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Fig. 1

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Acknowledgment

We thank to Minkyo Song, MD, at Seoul National University for technical assistance of statistical analysis.

Author information

Correspondence to Dae-Geun Jeon MD.

Additional information

The authors certify that they have no commercial associations (eg, consultancies, stock ownership, equity interest, patent/licensing arrangements, etc) that might constitute a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article.

All ICMJE Conflict of Interest Forms for authors and Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research editors and board members are on file with the publication and can be viewed on request.

The authors certify that their institution approved the human protocol for this investigation and that all investigations were conducted in conformity with ethical principles of research.

This work was performed at Korea Cancer Center Hospital.

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Kong, C., Song, W.S., Cho, W.H. et al. Local Recurrence has only a Small Effect on Survival in High-risk Extremity Osteosarcoma. Clin Orthop Relat Res 470, 1482–1490 (2012) doi:10.1007/s11999-011-2137-y

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Keywords

  • Local Recurrence
  • Tumor Volume
  • Surgical Margin
  • Preoperative Chemotherapy
  • Limb Salvage