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Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research®

, Volume 469, Issue 9, pp 2440–2451 | Cite as

How Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty Works

  • Matthew Walker
  • Jordan Brooks
  • Matthew Willis
  • Mark Frankle
Symposium: Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty

Abstract

Background

The reverse total shoulder arthroplasty was introduced to treat the rotator cuff-deficient shoulder. Since its introduction, an improved understanding of the biomechanics of rotator cuff deficiency and reverse shoulder arthroplasty has facilitated the development of modern reverse arthroplasty designs.

Questions/purposes

We review (1) the basic biomechanical challenges associated with the rotator cuff-deficient shoulder; (2) the biomechanical rationale for newer reverse shoulder arthroplasty designs; (3) the current scientific evidence related to the function and performance of reverse shoulder arthroplasty; and (4) specific technical aspects of reverse shoulder arthroplasty.

Methods

A PubMed search of the English language literature was conducted using the key words reverse shoulder arthroplasty, rotator cuff arthropathy, and biomechanics of reverse shoulder arthroplasty. Articles were excluded if the content fell outside of the biomechanics of these topics, leaving the 66 articles included in this review.

Results

Various implant design factors as well as various surgical implantation techniques affect stability of reverse shoulder arthroplasty and patient function. To understand the implications of individual design factors, one must understand the function of the normal and the cuff-deficient shoulder and coalesce this understanding with the pathology presented by each patient to choose the proper surgical technique for reconstruction.

Conclusions

Several basic science and clinical studies improve our understanding of various design factors in reverse shoulder arthroplasty. However, much work remains to further elucidate the performance of newer designs and to evaluate patient outcomes using validated instruments such as the American Society for Elbow Surgery, simple shoulder test, and the Constant-Murley scores.

Keywords

Rotator Cuff Shoulder Arthroplasty Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty Glenoid Component Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons® 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew Walker
    • 1
  • Jordan Brooks
    • 2
  • Matthew Willis
    • 1
  • Mark Frankle
    • 1
  1. 1.Florida Orthopaedic InstituteTampaUSA
  2. 2.Foundation for Orthopaedic Research and EducationTampaUSA

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