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Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research®

, Volume 469, Issue 5, pp 1401–1405 | Cite as

Aseptic Loosening of Total Hip Arthroplasty: Infection Always Should be Ruled Out

  • Javad ParviziEmail author
  • Dong-Hun Suh
  • S. Mehdi Jafari
  • Adam Mullan
  • James J. Purtill
Clinical Research

Abstract

Background

It is believed that some cases of aseptic failure of THA may be attributable to occult infections. However, it is unclear whether preoperative erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) are more likely elevated in these patients than those without overt infection.

Questions/purposes

We asked whether some patients with aseptic THA failures have abnormal serologic indicators of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) at the time of revision, namely ESR and/or CRP.

Methods

Three hundred twenty-three revision THAs for aseptic loosening from 2004 to 2007 were retrospectively evaluated. We categorized all cases into two groups: (1) those with overt PJI (n = 14) plus patients who had a positive intraoperative culture during the index revision (n = 13) and (2) those who did not require rerevision (n = 276) or required surgery for noninfected causes (n = 20). Mean and frequency of abnormal ESR and CRP were compared between the two groups. The minimum followup was 11 months (average, 35 months; range, 11-54 months).

Results

The mean and frequency of abnormal CRP in first group (n = 27) at 2.1 mg/dL and 48% respectively, were greater than those of the uninfected (n = 296) at 1.2 mg/dL and 27%, respectively. However, there were no differences between two groups regarding mean or frequency of abnormal ESR.

Conclusion

Some patients with presumed aseptic loosening may have abnormal serologic indicators of PJI that either have escaped diagnosis or were not adequately investigated. All patients undergoing revision THA should have ESR and CRP measured preoperatively and those with abnormal CRP should have additional evaluations to rule out or confirm PJI.

Level of Evidence

Level III, retrospective comparative study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Keywords

Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate Aseptic Loosening Periprosthetic Joint Infection Aseptic Failure Abnormal Serology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons® 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Javad Parvizi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dong-Hun Suh
    • 2
  • S. Mehdi Jafari
    • 1
  • Adam Mullan
    • 1
  • James J. Purtill
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryRothman Institute at Thomas Jefferson UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Orthopaedic DepartmentKorea University, Ansan HospitalAnsanSouth Korea

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