Addition of Nitric Oxide Through Nitric Oxide-paracetamol Enhances Healing Rat Achilles Tendon

  • George A. C. MurrellEmail author
  • Gongyao Tang
  • Richard C. Appleyard
  • Piero del Soldato
  • Min-Xia Wang
Symposium: Molecular and Clinical Developments in Tendinopathy


Nitric oxide is an important messenger molecule in many physiological processes. The addition of NO via NO-flurbiprofen enhances the material properties of healing tendon, however, flurbiprofen has a detrimental effect on healing. We asked if NO delivered by a cyclooxygenase 3 inhibitor (paracetamol/acetaminophen) would enhance healing in a rat Achilles tendon healing model. Rats were injected subcutaneously daily with NO-paracetamol, paracetamol or vehicle from two days before surgery to the day of tissue harvesting. Paracetamol had no effect on tendon healing compared with vehicle alone. NO-paracetamol did not change the failure load, but did decrease the water content, enhance the collagen content, reduce the cross-sectional area and improve the ultimate stress of healing tendon compared with paracetamol and vehicle. The collagen organization of the healing tendon in the NO-paracetamol group, as determined by polarized light microscopy, was enhanced. Our data suggests NO-paracetamol increases the total collagen content and enhances organization while decreasing the cross-sectional area of healing rat Achilles tendon and is consistent with human clinical trials where NO has improved the symptoms and signs of tendinopathy.


Nitric Oxide Paracetamol Achilles Tendon Failure Load Collagen Content 
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Copyright information

© The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • George A. C. Murrell
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gongyao Tang
    • 1
  • Richard C. Appleyard
    • 1
  • Piero del Soldato
    • 2
  • Min-Xia Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.Orthopaedic Research InstituteSt George Hospital, Research & Education Centre, University of New South WalesSydneyAustralia
  2. 2.NicOx SASophia AntipolisFrance

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