Advertisement

Journal of Coatings Technology and Research

, Volume 15, Issue 5, pp 1013–1023 | Cite as

Facile fabrication of superhydrophilic and underwater superoleophobic chitosan–polyvinyl alcohol-TiO2 coated copper mesh for efficient oil/water separation

  • Qiuying You
  • Guoxia RanEmail author
  • Chan Wang
  • Yuan Zhao
  • Qijun SongEmail author
Article
  • 304 Downloads

Abstract

Organic–inorganic hybrid membranes are attractive material for oil/water separation. Here, a hydrophilic and oleophobic membrane was prepared by coating chitosan (CTS) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) on the surface of copper mesh using glutaraldehyde (GA) as crosslinking agent. After introduction of TiO2 nanoparticles, the surface roughness of the composite film was increased and a superhydrophilicity and underwater superoleophobicity surface was obtained due to the enhancement in wettability. The as-prepared superhydrophilic membrane was characterized by SEM, FTIR, XRD, and its surface wetting behavior was measured by contact angle meter. The effect of CTS, PVA, GA, and TiO2 on the microstructure, underwater oil contact angle, and sliding angle was comprehensively evaluated. Then, the super hydrophilic membrane was used for oil/water separation, a separation efficiency (> 99.7%) was obtained with a flux rate of 16,000 L m−2 h−1. The intrusion pressures for all tested oils that the membrane can support are above 1.0 kPa. Significantly, the super hydrophilic membrane exhibited good antiabrasion and anticorrosive properties. After repeated use for 60 times, the separating performances and average permeate fluxes showed no obvious degradation.

Graphical abstract

An organic-inorganic hybrid chitosan (CTS)–polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-TiO2 coated copper mesh with superhydrophilicity–underwater superoleophobicity was fabricated by one-step solution immersion method and can be used for efficient oil/water separation.

Keywords

Underwater superoleophobic Chitosan Polyvinyl alcohol TiO2 Oil/water separation Anticorrosive membrane 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant 21175060), and Prospective Joint Research Project: Cooperative Innovation Fund (No. 2050205.1028).

Supplementary material

11998_2017_36_MOESM1_ESM.docx (634 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 633 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Mu, L, Yang, S, Hao, B, Ma, P-C, “Ternary Silicone Sponge with Enhanced Mechanical Properties for Oil–Water Separation.” Polym. Chem., 6 (32) 5869–5875 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Seddighi, M, Hejazi, SM, “Water-Oil Separation Performance of Technical Textiles Used for Marine Pollution Disasters.” Mar. Pollut. Bull., 96 (1) 286–293 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hosseinzadeh, H, Mohammadi, S, “Synthesis of a Novel Hydrogel Nanocomposite Coated on Cotton Fabric for Water-Oil Separation.” Water Air Soil Pollut., 225 (9) 2115 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rinaldi, A, Da Silva, MR, “Degradation of BTX in Contaminated Soil by Using Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) and Potassium Permanganate (KMnO4).” Water Air Soil Pollut., 217 (1–4) 245–254 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Thew, M, “Hydrocyclone Redesign for Liquid–Liquid Separation.” Chem. Eng., 427 17–23 (1986)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yuan, J, Liu, X, Akbulut, O, Hu, J, Suib, SL, Kong, J, Stellacci, F, “Superwetting Nanowire Membranes for Selective Absorption.” Nat. Nanotechnol., 3 (6) 332–336 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Thanikaivelan, P, Narayanan, NT, Pradhan, BK, Ajayan, PM, “Collagen Based Magnetic Nanocomposites for Oil Removal Applications.” Sci. Rep., 2 230 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gu, J, Jiang, W, Wang, F, Chen, M, Mao, J, Xie, T, “Facile Removal of Oils from Water Surfaces Through Highly Hydrophobic and Magnetic Polymer Nanocomposites.” Appl. Surf. Sci., 301 492–499 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gupta, VK, Carrott, PJM, Riberiro Carrott, MML, Suhas, “Low-cost Adsorbents: Growing Approach to Wastewater Treatment—A Review.” Crit. Rev. Environ. Sci. Technol., 39 (10) 783–842 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cervin, NT, Aulin, C, Larsson, PT, Wagberg, L, “Ultra Porous Nanocellulose Aerogels as Separation Medium for Mixtures of Oil/Water Liquids.” Cellulose, 19 (2) 401–410 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Nguyen, DD, Tai, N, Lee, S, Kuo, W, “Superhydrophobic and Superoleophilic Properties of Graphene-Based Sponges Fabricated Using a Facile Dip Coating Method.” Energy Environ. Sci., 5 (7) 7908–7912 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chan, YJ, Chong, MF, Hassell, DG, “A Review on Anaerobic-Aerobic Treatment of Industrial and Municipal Wastewater.” Chem. Eng. J., 155 (1) 1–18 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Singh, V, Purkait, MK, Das, C, “Cross-Flow Microfiltration of Industrial Oily Wastewater: Experimental and Theoretical Consideration.” Sep. Sci. Technol., 46 (8) 1213–1223 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Van der Bruggen, B, Vandecasteele, C, Van Gestel, T, Doyen, W, Leysen, R, “A Review of Pressure-Driven Membrane Processes in Wastewater Treatment and Drinking Water Production.” Environ. Prog., 22 (1) 46–56 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wang, S, Feng, L, Liu, H, Sun, T, Zhang, X, Jiang, L, Zhu, D, “Manipulation of Surface Wettability Between Superhydrophobicity and Superhydrophilicity on Copper Films.” ChemPhysChem, 6 (8) 1475–1478 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ma, M, Mao, Y, Gupta, M, Gleason, KK, Rutledge, GC, “Superhydrophobic Fabrics Produced by Electrospinning and Chemical Vapor Deposition.” Macromolecules, 38 (23) 9742–9748 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tuteja, A, Choi, W, Ma, M, Mabry, JM, Mazzella, SA, Rutledge, GC, McKinley, GH, Cohen, RE, “Designing Superoleophobic Surfaces.” Science, 318 (5856) 1618–1622 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Xue, Z, Cao, Y, Liu, N, Feng, L, Jiang, L, “Special Wettable Materials for Oil/Water Separation.” J. Mater. Chem. A, 2 (8) 2445–2460 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Feng, L, Zhang, Z, Mai, Z, Ma, Y, Liu, B, Jiang, L, Zhu, D, “A super-hydrophobic and Super-Oleophilic Coating Mesh Film for the Separation of Oil and Water.” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 43 (15) 2012–2014 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wang, H, Wang, E, Liu, Z, Gao, D, Yuan, R, Sun, L, Zhu, Y, “A Novel Carbon Nanotubes Reinforced Superhydrophobic and Superoleophilic Polyurethane Sponge for Selective Oil–Water Separation Through A Chemical Fabrication.” J. Mater. Chem., 3 (1) 266–273 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Li, J, Li, D, Li, W, She, H, Feng, H, Hu, D, “Facile Fabrication of Three-Dimensional Superhydrophobic Foam for Effective Separation of Oil and Water Mixture.” Mater. Lett., 171 228–231 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Cao, Y, Chen, Y, Liu, N, Lin, X, Feng, L, Wei, Y, “Mussel-Inspired Chemistry and Stöber Method for Highly Stabilized Water-In-Oil Emulsions Separation.” J. Mater. Chem., 2 (48) 20439–20443 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Zhang, F, Zhang, WB, Shi, Z, Wang, D, Jin, J, Jiang, L, “Nanowire-Haired Inorganic Membranes with Superhydrophilicity and Underwater Ultralow Adhesive Superoleophobicity for High-Efficiency Oil/Water Separation.” Adv. Mater., 25 (30) 4192–4198 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zhang, E, Cheng, Z, Lv, T, Qian, Y, Liu, Y, “Anti-corrosive Hierarchical Structured Copper Mesh Film with Superhydrophilicity and Underwater Low Adhesive Superoleophobicity for Highly Efficient Oil–Water Separation.” J. Mater. Chem., 3 (25) 13411–13417 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Xue, Z, Wang, S, Lin, L, Chen, L, Liu, M, Feng, L, Jiang, L, “A Novel Superhydrophilic and Underwater Superoleophobic Hydrogel-Coated Mesh for Oil/Water Separation.” Adv. Mater., 23 (37) 4270–4273 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Liu, M, Wang, S, Wei, Z, Song, Y, Jiang, L, “Bioinspired Design of a Superoleophobic and Low Adhesive Water/Solid Interface.” Adv. Mater., 21 (6) 665–669 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Zhang, W, Zhu, Y, Liu, X, Wang, D, Li, J, Jiang, L, Jin, J, “Salt-Induced Fabrication of Superhydrophilic and Underwater Superoleophobic PAA-g-PVDF Membranes for Effective Separation of Oil-in-Water Emulsions.” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 53 (3) 856–860 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Liu, J, Li, P, Chen, L, Feng, Y, He, W, Yan, X, Lu, X, “Superhydrophilic and Underwater Superoleophobic Modified Chitosan-Coated Mesh for Oil/Water Separation.” Surf. Coat. Technol., 307 171–176 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Li, G, Zhao, Y, Lv, M, Shi, Y, Cao, D, “Super Hydrophilic Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) (PET)/poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) Composite Fibrous Mats with Improved Mechanical Properties Prepared via Electrospinning Process.” Colloids Surf., A, 436 417–424 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Li, J, Yan, L, Hu, W, Li, D, Zha, F, Lei, Z, “Facile Fabrication of Underwater Superoleophobic TiO2 Coated Mesh for Highly Efficient Oil/Water Separation.” Colloids Surf., A, 489 441–446 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Fan, J, Duan, J, Yu, Z, Wu, D, Zhu, H, “Oleophobicity of Chitosan/Micron-alumina-Coated Stainless Steel Mesh for Oil/Water Separation.” Water Air Soil Pollut., 227 (5) 163 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Zhang, S, Lu, F, Tao, L, Liu, N, Gao, C, Feng, L, Wei, Y, “Bio-Inspired Anti-Oil-Fouling Chitosan-Coated Mesh for Oil/Water Separation Suitable for Broad pH Range and Hyper-Saline Environments.” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces., 5 (22) 11971–11976 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Yuan, T, Shao, Q, Hu, J, Wang, F and Tu, W, “Effect of the Intermediate Layer–Core Ratio on the Morphology and Opacity Ability of Hollow Latex Particles.” J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 132(30) (2015)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Gondal, MA, Sadullah, MS, Dastageer, MA, Mckinley, GH, Panchanathan, D, Varanasi, KK, “Study of Factors Governing Oil–Water Separation Process Using TiO2 Films Prepared by Spray Deposition of Nanoparticle Dispersions.” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces., 6 (16) 13422–13429 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Chaudhary, JP, Vadodariya, N, Nataraj, SK, Meena, R, “Chitosan-Based Aerogel Membrane for Robust Oil-In-Water Emulsion Separation.” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces., 7 (44) 24957–24962 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Tian, D, Zhang, X, Wang, X, Zhai, J, Jiang, L, “Micro/Nanoscale Hierarchical Structured ZnO Mesh Film for Separation of Water and Oil.” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 13 14606–14610 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Bai, H, Liu, Z, Sun, DD, “Hierarchically Multifunctional TiO2 Nano-Thorn Membrane for Water Purification.” Chem. Commun., 46 6542–6544 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Marmur, A, “Wetting on Hydrophobic Rough Surfaces: To Be Heterogeneous or Not To Be?” Langmuir, 19 (20) 8343–8348 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Tian, D, Xiaofang, Z, Yu, T, Yue, W, Wang, X, Zhai, J, Jiang, L, “Photo-induced Water–Oil Separation Based on Switchable Superhydrophobicity–Superhydrophilicity and Underwater Superoleophobicity of the Aligned ZnO Nanorod Array-Coated Mesh Films.” J. Mater. Chem., 22 19652–19657 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Tan, BYL, Juay, J, Liu, Z, Sun, D, “Flexible Hierarchical TiO2/Fe2O3 Composite Membrane with High Separation Efficiency for Surfactant-Stabilized Oil–Water Emulsions.” Chem. Aasian J., 11 561–567 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Bharti, B, Kumar, S, Kumar, R, “Superhydrophilic TiO2 Thin Film by Nanometer Scale Surface Roughness and Dangling Bonds.” Appl. Surf. Sci., 364 51–60 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Yi, XS, Yu, SL, Shi, WX, Wang, S, Jin, LM, Sun, N, Ma, C, Sun, LP, “Separation of Oil/Water Emulsion Using Nano-Particle (TiO2/Al2O3) Modified PVDF Ultrafiltration Membranes and Evaluation of Fouling Mechanism.” Water Sci. Technol., 67 (3) 477–484 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Fu, X, “Synthesis and Optical Absorpition Properies of Anatase TiO2 Nanoparticles via a Hydrothermal Hydrolysis Method.” Rare Metal Mater. Eng., 44 (5) 1067–1070 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Liu, HG, Liu, Z, Yang, M, He, QY, “Surperhydrophobic Polyurethane Foam Modified by Graphene Oxide.” J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 130 (5) 3530–3536 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Gunatilake, UB, Bandara, J, “Fabrication of Highly Hydrophilic Filter Using Natural and Hydrothermally Treated Mica Nanoparticles for Efficient Waste Oil–Water Separation.” J. Environ. Manage., 191 96–104 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Pan, Q, Wang, M, Wang, H, “Separating Small Amount of Water And Hydrophobic Solvents by Novel Superhydrophobic Copper Meshes.” Appl. Surf. Sci., 254 (18) 6002–6006 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Kim, JH, Kim, JY, Lee, YM, Kim, KY, “Properties and Swelling Characteristics of Cross-Linked Poly(Vinyl Alcohol)/Chitosan Blend Membrane.” J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 45 (10) 1711–1717 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Kim, SJ, Lee, KJ, Kim, SI, Lee, KB, Park, YD, “Sorption Characterization of Poly(vinyl alcohol)/Chitosan Interpenetrating Polymer Network Hydrogels.” J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 90 (1) 86–90 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Pethe, GB, Yaul, AR, Aswar, AS, “Synthesis, Characterization, Electrical and Catalytic Studies of Some Coordination Compounds Derived from Unsymmetrical Schiff Base Ligand.” Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop., 29 (3) 387–397 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Fan, X, Lin, L, Dalsin, JL, Messersmith, PB, “Biomimetic Anchor for Surface-Initiated Polymerization From Metal Substrates.” J. Am. Chem. Soc., 127 (45) 15843 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Han, H, Wu, J, Avery, CW, Mizutani, M, Jiang, X, Kamigaito, M, Chen, Z, Xi, C, Kuroda, K, “Immobilization of Amphiphilic Polycations by Catechol Functionality for Antimicrobial Coatings.” Langmuir, 27 (7) 4010 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Wenzel, RN, “Resistance of solid surfaces to wetting by water.” Ind. Eng. Chem., 28 (8) 988–994 (1936)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Youngblood, JP, Mccarthy, TJ, “Ultrahydrophobic Polymer Surfaces Prepared by Simultaneous Ablation of Polypropylene and Sputtering of Poly(tetrafluoroethylene) using Radio Frequency Plasma.” Macromolecules, 32 (20) 6800–6806 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Yin, K, Chu, D, Dong, X, Wang, C, Duan, JA, He, J, “Femtosecond Laser Induced Robust Periodic Nanoripple Structured Mesh for Highly Efficient Oil–Water Separation.” Nanoscale, 9 14229–14235 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Chen, Z, Zhou, C, Lin, J, Zhu, Z, Feng, J, Fang, L, Cheng, J, “ZrO2-coated Stainless Steel Mesh with Underwater Superoleophobicity by Electrophoretic Deposition for Durable Oil/Water Separation.” J. Sol-Gel. Sci. Technol., 13 1–8 (2017)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© American Coatings Association 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Synthetic and Biological Colloids, Ministry of Education, School of Chemical and Material EngineeringJiangnan UniversityWuxiChina

Personalised recommendations