Influence of pigment on biodeterioration of acrylic paint films in Southern Brazil
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Biodeterioration of paint films leads to loss of durability and increased repainting costs. The influence of pigments on the biodeterioration of architectural paint films in the city of Florianópolis, Brazil, was evaluated using ten differently colored acrylic paint films exposed to the environment for 34 months. Fouling (biofilm formation) on the surfaces was assessed macroscopically, using British Standard BS 3900/1989 G6, and microscopically. After 20 months, major colonizers were bacteria and fungi, with some cyanobacteria and few algae; north-facing suede and peach and south-facing ice colors showed 100% cover at this time. The least affected color at all times was blue, with a maximum of 30% cover on south-facing panels after 34 months. North-facing panels were generally more fouled than South-facing. Blue, red, and ceramic colors always performed best. Resistance to fouling may have been due to copper in blue and acidity from sulfur oxides in ceramic pigments. Pigments may prolong paint film life and reduce the need for biocides.
KeywordsBiodeterioration Biofilms Coatings performance Paint pigments Weathering
We wish to thank Clariant, São Paulo, Brazil, for providing the pigments. Biocides were kindly provided by Thor Brasil Ltda, São Paulo.
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