Advertisement

Journal of Coatings Technology and Research

, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 301–306 | Cite as

Time evolution of transition points in drying latex films

  • Wai Peng Lee
  • Alexander F. Routh
Article

Abstract

The change of minimum film formation temperature (MFFT) with time was studied utilizing a temperature gradient bar. Fitting the data to a theory which assumed that particles deform due to the action of the polymer-air surface tension, the glass transition temperature, Tg, of the latex was predicted. This Tg was compared to the value obtained by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and good agreement was observed between the two measurements.

Keywords

Acrylics drying flow levelling physical properties thermal properties latex water-based 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Reference

  1. (1).
    Keddie, J.L., “Film Formation of Latex,” Mater. Sci. Eng., 3 101 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. (2).
    Routh, A.F. and Russel, W.B., “A Process Model for Latex Film Formation: Limiting Regimes for Individual Driving Forces,” Langmuir 15, 7762, (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. (3).
    Steward, P.A., Hearn, J., and Wilkinson, M.C., “An Overview of Polymer Latex Film Formation and Properties,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 86, 195 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. (4).
    Routh, A.F. and Russel, W.B., “Deformation Mechanism During Latex Film Formation: Experimental Evidence,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 40, 4302 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. (5).
    Winnik, M.A., Latex Film Formation, Current Opinion in Colloid and Interface Science, 2, 192 (1997b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. (6).
    Dillon, R.E., Matheson L.A., and Bradford E.B., “Sintering of Synthetic Latex Particles” J. Colloid Sci., 6, 108 (1951).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. (7).
    Sperry, P.R., Snyder, B.S., O’Dowd, M.L., and Lesco, P.M., “Role of Water in Particle Deformation and Compaction in Latex Film Formation,” Langmuir, 10, 2619 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. (8).
    Chainey, M., Wilkinson, M.C., and Hearn, J. “Preparation of Polymer Latex Films by a Flash Casting Technique,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 30(1) 4273–4285 (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. (9).
    Keddie, J.L., Meredith, P., Jones, R.A.L., and Donald, A.M., “Kinetics of Film Formation in Acrylic Latices Studied with Multiple Angle of Incidence Ellipsometry and Environmental SEM” Macromolecules, 28, 2673, (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. (10).
    Lin, F. and Meier, D.J., “A Study of Latex Film Formation by Atomic Force Microscopy,” Langmuir, 11, 2726, (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. (11).
    Brown, G.L., “Formation of Films from Polymer Dispersions,” J. Polym. Sci., 22, 423 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. (12).
    Vanderhoff, J.W., Bradford, E.B., and Carrington, W.K., “Transport of Water Through Latex Films,” J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Symp., 41, 155 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. (13).
    Mason, G., “Formation of Films from Polymer Latexes: A Theoretical Treatment,” Br. Polym. J., 5, 101 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. (14).
    Eckersley, S.T. and Rudin, A., “Mechanism of Film Formation from Polymer Latexes” J. Coat. Technol., 62, No. 780, 89 (1990).Google Scholar
  15. (15).
    Sheetz, D.P., “Formation of Films by Drying of Latex,” J. Appl. Poly. Sci., 9, 3759 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. (16).
    Williams, M.L., Landel, R.F., and Ferry, J.D., The Temperature Dependence of Relaxation Mechanisms in Amorphous Polymers and Other Glass-forming Liquids. Mechanical Properties of Substances of High Molecular Weight, 3701 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. (17).
    Graessley, W.W., Polymeric Liquid and Networks: Structure and Properties, Garland Science, 2004.Google Scholar
  18. (18).
    Rabek, J.L., Experimental Methods in Polymer Chemistry: Physical Principles and Applications, John Wiley and Sons Ltd., New York, 1980.Google Scholar
  19. (19).
    Penzel, E., Rieger, J., and Schneider, H.A., “The Glass Transition Temperature of Random Copolymers: 1. Experimental Data and the Gordon-Taylor Equation,” Polymer, 38, 325 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. (20).
    M’Bareck, C.O., Nguyen, Q.T., Metayer, M., Saiter, J.M., and Garda, M.R., “Poly (Acrylic Acid) and Poly (Sodium Styrene-sulfonate) Compatibility by Fourier Transform Infrared and Differential Scanning Calorimetry”, Polymer, 45, 4181 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© OCCA 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wai Peng Lee
    • 1
  • Alexander F. Routh
    • 1
  1. 1.Particle Products Group, Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK

Personalised recommendations