Science and Engineering Ethics

, Volume 24, Issue 6, pp 1813–1814 | Cite as

P-Hacking: A Wake-Up Call for the Scientific Community

  • A. Thirumal RajEmail author
  • Shankargouda Patil
  • Sachin Sarode
  • Ziad Salameh


P-hacking or data dredging involves manipulation of the research data in order to obtain a statistically significant result. The reasons behind P-hacking and the consequences of the same are discussed in the present manuscript.


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  1. Head, M. L., Holman, L., Lanfear, R., Kahn, A. T., & Jennions, M. D. (2015). The Extent and Consequences of P-Hacking in Science. PLoS Biology. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1002106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ioannidis JPA. (2005). Why most published research findings are false. PLoS Med. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0020124.
  3. Raj, A. T., Patil, S., Sarode, S., & Sarode, G. (2017). P-hacking. J Contemp Dent Pract. doi: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2097.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Oral Pathology and MicrobiologySri Venkateswara Dental College and Hospital, ThalamburChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences, Division of Oral Pathology, College of DentistryJazan UniversityJazanSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Department of Oral Pathology and MicrobiologyDr. D. Y. Patil Dental College and Hospital, Dr. D.Y. Patil VidyapeethPimpriIndia
  4. 4.Department of Research, Department of Prosthodontics, School of DentistryLebanese UniversityBeirutLebanon
  5. 5.Center for Craniofacial RegenerationUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

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