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Science and Engineering Ethics

, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 999–1018 | Cite as

Reexamining the Ethics of Nuclear Technology

  • Andrei AndrianovEmail author
  • Victor Kanke
  • Ilya Kuptsov
  • Viktor Murogov
Original Paper

Abstract

This article analyzes the present status, development trends, and problems in the ethics of nuclear technology in light of a possible revision of its conceptual foundations. First, to better recognize the current state of nuclear technology ethics and related problems, this article focuses on presenting a picture of the evolution of the concepts and recent achievements related to technoethics, based on the ethics of responsibility. The term ‘ethics of nuclear technology’ describes a multidisciplinary endeavor to examine the problems associated with nuclear technology through ethical frameworks and paradigms. Second, to identify the reasons for the intensification of efforts to develop ethics in relation to nuclear technology, this article presents an analysis of the recent situation and future prospects of nuclear technology deployment. This includes contradictions that have aggravated nuclear dilemmas and debates stimulated by the shortcomings of nuclear technology, as well as the need for the further development of a nuclear culture paradigm that is able to provide a conceptual framework to overcome nuclear challenges. Third, efforts in the field of nuclear technology ethics are presented as a short overview of particular examples, and the major findings regarding obstacles to the development of nuclear technology ethics are also summarized. Finally, a potential methodological course is proposed to overcome inaction in this field; the proposed course provides for the further development of nuclear technology ethics, assuming the axiological multidisciplinary problematization of the main concepts in nuclear engineering through the basic ethical paradigms: analytical, hermeneutical, and poststructuralist.

Keywords

Ethics Responsibility Nuclear technology Holistic approach Engineering Dilemma Challenges 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrei Andrianov
    • 1
    Email author
  • Victor Kanke
    • 1
  • Ilya Kuptsov
    • 1
  • Viktor Murogov
    • 2
  1. 1.Obninsk Institute for Nuclear Power Engineering of National Research Nuclear University MEPhIObninskRussian Federation
  2. 2.National Research Nuclear University MEPhIMoscowRussian Federation

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