Science and Engineering Ethics

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 221–234 | Cite as

Environmental and sustainability ethics in supply chain management

  • Benita M. BeamonEmail author


Environmentally Conscious Supply Chain Management (ECSCM) refers to the control exerted over all immediate and eventual environmental effects of products and processes associated with converting raw materials into final products. While much work has been done in this area, the focus has traditionally been on either: product recovery (recycling, remanufacturing, or re-use) or the product design function only (e.g., design for environment). Environmental considerations in manufacturing are often viewed as separate from traditional, value-added considerations. However, the case can be made that professional engineers have an ethical responsibility to consider the immediate and eventual environmental impacts of products and processes that they design and/or manage. This paper describes ECSCM as a component of engineering ethics, and highlights the major issues associated with ethical decision-making in supply chain management.


Supply Chain Management Engineering Ethics Environment 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Herkert, J.R. (2001) Future Directions in Engineering Ethics Research: Microethics, Macroethics, and the Role of Professional Societies, Science and Engineering Ethics 7: 403–414.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Winner, L. (1990) Engineering Ethics and Political Imagination, in: Durbin, Paul T., ed. Philosophy and Technology Volume 7. Broad and Narrow Interpretations of Philosophy of Technology, Kluwer Academic Publishers Group, Boston, pp. 53–64.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Woodhouse, E.J. (2001) Curbing Overconsumption: Challenge for Ethically Responsible Engineering, IEEE Technology and Society Magazine 20: 23–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Beamon, B.M. (1999) Designing the Green Supply Chain, Logistics Information Management 12: 332–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Davis, M. (2001) The Professional Approach to Engineering Ethics: Five Research Questions, Science and Engineering Ethics 7: 379–390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Worrell, R. & Appleby, M.C. (2000) Stewardship of Natural Resources: Definition, Ethical and Practical Aspects, Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 12: 263–277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Leopold, A. (1966) A Sand County Almanac, Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Harris, C.E., Pritchard, M.S., & Rabins, M.J. (2000) Engineering Ethics: Concepts and Cases, 2nd edition, Wadsworth, Stamford, CT.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Brumsen, M. & van de Poel, I. (2001) Introduction: A Special Section on Research in Engineering Ethics: Towards a Research Programme for Ethics and Technology, Science and Engineering Ethics 7: 365–378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions (1998, 1999) Codes of Ethics Online, Illinois Institute of Technology. Available on 5.20.03 at 〈〉.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Carroll, A.B. (1979) A Three-Dimensional Conceptual Model of Corporate Social Performance, Academy of Management Review 4: 497–505.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Carroll, A.B. (1991) The Pyramid of Corporate Social Responsibility: Toward the Moral Management of Organizational Stakeholders, Business Horizons 34: 39–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Carter, C.R. & Jennings, M.M. (2002a) Logistics Social Responsibility: an Integrative Framework, Journal of Business Logistics 23: 145–180.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Carter, C.R. & Jennings, M.M. (2002b) Social Responsibility and Supply Chain Relationships, Transportation Research Part E 38: 37–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Carter, C.R. (2000) Ethical Issues in International Buyer-Supplier Relationships: a Dyadic Examination, Journal of Operations Management 18: 191–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Panapanaan, V.M., Linnanen, L., Karvonen, M.M. & Phan, V.T. (2003) Roadmapping Corporate Social Responsibility in Finnish Companies, Journal of Business Ethics 44: 133–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Roberts, S. (2003) Supply Chain Specific? Understanding the Patchy Success of Ethical Sourcing Initiatives, Journal of Business Ethics 44: 159–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Fiksel, J. (1996) Design for Environment: Creating Eco-Efficient Products and Processes, McGraw-Hill, New York.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Masters, G.M. (1998) Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science, 2nd edition, Prentice Hall, New Jersey.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Cattanach, R.E., Holdreith, J.M., Reinke, D.P., & Sibik, L.K. (1995) The Handbook of Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing, Irwin, Chicago.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ballou, R.H. (1999) Business Logistics Management: Planning, Organizing, and Controlling the Supply Chain, 4th Edition, Prentice Hall, New Jersey.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Beamon, B.M. (1998) Supply Chain Design and Analysis: Models and Methods, International Journal of Production Economics 55: 281–294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Beamon, B.M. (2003) Just-In-Time and Environmentally-Conscious Distribution, Proceedings of the 12th Annual Industrial Engineering Research Conference, May 18–20, Portland, OR.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Manion, M. (2002) Ethics, Engineering, and Sustainable Development, IEEE Technology and Society Magazine 21: 39–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Oliver, D. (2003) Whistle-Blowing Engineer, Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice 129: 246–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    World Federation of Engineering Organizations Committee on Engineering and the Environment. Homepage. 〈Available on 5.23.03 at〉.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    World Federation of Engineering Organizations (2001) The WFEO Model Code of Ethics. 〈Available on 5.22.03 at〉.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Opragen Publications 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Industrial EngineeringUniversity of WashingtonSeattle

Personalised recommendations