Science and Engineering Ethics

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 463–476 | Cite as

Desirable attributes of public educational websites

  • Caroline Whitbeck


Certain attributes are particularly desirable for public educational websites, and websites for ethics education in particular. Among the most important of these attributes is wide accessibility through adherence to the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) standards for HTML code. Adherence to this standard produces webpages that can be rendered by a full range of web browsers, including Braille and speech browsers. Although almost no academic websites, including ethics websites, and even fewer commercial websites are accessible by W3C standards, as illustrated by the Online Ethics Center for Engineering and Science 〈〉, even websites created on limited budgets and with an undergraduate student staff can fulfill these standards. Other desirable attributes, such as provision of annotation for all links and the use of annotated links to give the user alternate ways of ordering and organizing content, are important for making full use of the educational possibilities of hypermedia for websites.


website design accessible HTML academic websites ethics websites undergraduate staff WCAG 


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    A General Guide to the Online Ethics Center Scholar
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    Keefer, Matthew (2005) Making Good Use of Online Case Study Materials, Science and Engineering Ethics, 11: 413–429.Google Scholar
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    Whitbeck, Caroline (1995) Teaching Ethics to Scientists and Engineers: Moral Agents and Moral Problems, Science and Engineering Ethics, 1:3 (July): 299-308.Google Scholar
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    Checklist of Checkpoints for Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0 at Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Opragen Publications 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Online Ethics Center for Engineering and Science, Philosophy Department and Department of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringCase Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA

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